War of the Pacific

Revision as of 23:04, 20 September 2018 by Ricky81682 (talk) (removed Category:History of South America; added Category:19th century in South America using HotCat)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Boundary changes as a result of the war

The War of the Pacific (or Saltpeter War) took place from 1879-1883. It grew out of a dispute between Bolivia and Peru against Chile over control of a part of the Pacific coast. The disputed area was part of the Atacama Desert that lies between the 23rd and 26th parallels. The territory contained valuable mineral resources, mainly potassium nitrate, which were exploited by Chilean companies and British interests. The Bolivian government decided to increase taxes to take advantage of the increasing income of the region, which led to a commercial dispute.

The result of the war was that Bolivia lost its access to the ocean, and became landlocked.