Cardinal (Catholicism)

Cardinal is a clerical office in the Roman Catholic Church. Cardinals are counselors of the pope.[1]

Pope Innocent IV granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red hat was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.[2]

College of Cardinals

The collective name for cardinals is college of cardinals. They meet in a Papal conclave to elect a new Pope.[1]

When there is no pope, the cardinals directs the day-to-day affairs of the Church.[1]


File:Template-Cardinal (not a bishop).svg
The Coat of Arms of a cardinal who is not a bishop
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Cardinal," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-23.
  2. Template:Cite book

Other websites

15px "Cardinal (1)". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.