Asia Minor

File:Byzantine Empire Themata-750-es.svg
Provinces of the Byzantine Empire in Anatolia, ca 750 AD

Asia Minor, a peninsula also called Anatolia (Turkish: Anadolu), comprises most of the Asian part of modern Turkey and the Armenian highland. Asia Minor is 250,000 square miles. Most people there today speak Turkish. The seas surrounding Asia Minor are the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Because Asia Minor is between Christian Europe and Asia, many different cultures have lived there. Remnants (small parts) of these cultures are there today.

Many great historical peoples, like the Hittites, Lydians, Greeks, Persians, Armenians, Romans, Goths, Minoans, Byzantines and Turks, have lived in or occupied Asia Minor. The Roman Empire had a province called Asia, also called Phrygia. Later people started to call the entire continent Asia, so the peninsula Asia was called Asia Minor (little Asia).

Troy is one of many famous cities that were in Asia Minor long ago.