Yitzhak Shamir

Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר
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Shamir in March 1988
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Personal details
Born
Icchak Jeziernicky

Template:Birth date
Ruzhinoy, Russian Empire
DiedJune 30, 2012(2012-06-30) (aged 96)
Tel Aviv, Israel
NationalityIsraeli
Political partyLikud
Spouse(s)Shulamit Shamir
(m. 1944–2011; her death)
Children2
SignatureYitzhak Shamir's signature

Yitzhak Shamir (born Icchak Jaziernicky; 15 October 1915 - 30 June 2012) was a Polish born Israeli politician and the seventh Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms, 1983–84 and 1986–92.

He was born in Ruzhinoy (nowadays in Belarus), in the Russian Empire in 1915. In 1935, Shamir went to Palestine, where he worked in an accountant’s office.[1] Before the establishment of the State of Israel, Shamir in the 1930s and 1940s was a member of the Zionist paramilitary organization Irgun, and then a commander of the more militant Lehi.

After the establishment of the State of Israel, Yitzhak Shamir worked for Israel's security service, the Mossad from 1955-1965. He joined the Herut political party in 1969. He was elected to Israel's parliament, the Knesset, in 1973 as a member of political party Likud. He was the Prime Minister of Israel from 1983-1984 and from 1986-1992. He was the country’s second longest-serving prime minister after David Ben-Gurion.[1]

He died of Alzheimer's disease in Tel Aviv, Israel in 2012 and was buried in Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.[1]

References

Template:Israeli prime ministers