|Residence||Pukatja, South Australia|
|Years active||2005 – present|
|Style||Western Desert painting, weaving, batik, sculpture|
Yilpi was born at a place near Uluru, in the Northern Territory. Her mother was a member of the Pitjantjatjara people and her father was Yankunytjatjara. When Yilpi was still very young, her parents came to live at Ernabella, a Presbyterian mission in northwest South Australia. She grew up there, and later began working at Ernabella Arts.
Batik was one of the first forms of art Yilpi learned to make at Ernabella. Several of her works were shown at an exhibition in Adelaide in 2006, and one of these was bought for the Powerhouse Museum in Sydney. Later examples of her batik works were bought by the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. Yilpi is also known for making woven items, such as baskets, out of tjanpi (desert grass). She made several objects with a women's project called the Tjanpi Desert Weavers.
Yilpi began painting much more recently. She has painted both abstract and figurative works. The abstract works are expressions of her Dreaming legends, passed down to her from her mother. Her most successful works, however, are the figurative paintings of her life as a child at Ernabella in the 1950s. Examples of Yilpi's paintings are held in the Art Gallery of South Australia, and the National Museum of Australia. The National Gallery of Australia also has a series of ceramic pots that Yilpi painted with Malpiya Davey, Alison Carroll, and other Ernabella women.
- "Raiki Wara (long cloth) batik". Powerhouse Museum, Australia. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Details of Imiyari (Yilpi) Adamson". Short Street Gallery. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Memories and Maps: Stories from the Bush". Artbase. 3 March 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Adamson, Imiyari (Yilpi)". Art Gallery of South Australia. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Ultukunpa by Yilpi Adamson". Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Art Award (ATSIAA) Collection. National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Kungkarangalpa munu wati Nyirunys (2007)". Collection Online. National Gallery of Australia. Retrieved 6 January 2013.