Wadō (和銅) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Keiun and before Reiki. This period started in January 708 and ended in September 715. The reigning empress was Gemmei-tennō (元明天皇).
Events of the Wadō era
- 5 May 708 (Wadō 1, 11th day of the 4th month): A sample of copper from Musashi Province was given to the empress.
- 708 (Wadō 1, 3rd month): Fujiwara no Fuhito (藤原不比等) is named Minister of the Right (udaijin). Iso-kami Marō is given the office of Minister of the Left (sadaijin).
- 709 (Wadō 2, 3rd month): There was an uprising in Mutsu Province and in Echigo Province.
- 709 (Wadō 2, 5th month): An ambassador was received from the Korean kingdom of Silla.
- 710 (Wadō 3): Japan's capital city was established in Nara (Heijō-kyō).
- 712 (Wadō 5): The Kojiki was finished.
- 712 (Wadō 5): Dewa Province and Mutsu are separated.
- 713 (Wadō 6, 3rd month): Tamba Province was separated from Tango Province. Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province. Hyūga Province was divided from Ōsumi Province.
- Wadō 6, 5th month, 2nd day (713): Empress orders work to begin on official reports (fudoki} about the history and geography of the provinces.
- 713 (Wadō 6): Road between Mino Province and Shinano Province was made wider. Also, the road was made wider the Kiso District of what is today Nagano Prefecture.
- 715 (Wadō 8): Empress Gemmei abdicated in favor of her daughter.
- Wadokaichin coin 8th century Japan.jpg
Wadōkaichin (和同開珎), copper coin minted in Wadō era
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wadō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 1024.
- Nussbaum, "Gemmei Tennō," pp. 235-236; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 63-65; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 271; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 140.
- Titsingh, p. 63.
- Titsingh, p. 64.
- Nussbaum, "Nara" at p. 698.
- Nussbaum, "Kojiki" at p. 545.
- Nussbaum, "Fudoki" at p. 194.
- Titsingh, p. 65.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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