Var (department)

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Its prefecture is the city of Toulon.

History

Var is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Toulon as is capital. It was formed with part of the former province of Provence.[1]

It was divided in nine districts: Toulon, Grasse, Hyères, Draguignan, Brignoles, Saint-Maximin, Fréjus, Saint-Paul-lès-Vence and Barjols.

The capital was moved, in 1793, from Toulon to Grasse and, in 1795, from Grasse to Brignoles. In 1797, the capital was moved again, to Draguignan.[1]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Brignoles, Draguignan, Grasse and Toulon.[1]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 15 June 1860, the arrondissement of Grasse passed to the new department of Alpes-Maritimes. With this change, the Var river does not flow any longer through the department named after it.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Brignoles was eliminated but in 1974 Brignoles was made again an arrondissement and the capital was moved from Draguignan to Toulon.[1] The Var is the only French department that has had four different capitals: Toulon, Grasse, Brignoles and Draguignan; now Toulon is the prefecture (capital) and Brignoles and Draguignan are subprefectures. Grasse is now a subprefecture of the Alpes-Maritimes department.

During World War II, the department was occupied by the fascist Italy, from November 1942 to December 1943. In 1944, the German army occupied the territory of the Var department.

Geography

Var is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has an area of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..[2]

The department borders with 3 other departments, all in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region:

It also borders the Vaucluse department, to the nortwest, but only for a very short distance.

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The highest point of the department is Mont de Lachens (Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".) with an altitude of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". high.[3]; it is in the commune of Mons in the northeast of the department near the border with the Alpes-Maritimes department.

The Îles d'Hyères is a group of three islands off Hyères. The islands are named Porquerolles, Port-Cros, and Île du Levant. Together, they make up an area of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. They can be reached by boat from either Hyères or Toulon.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Toulon is a "Mediterranean climate" and of the subtype "Csa".[4]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Toulon is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The month with the most precipitation on average is November with Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..

The average temperature for the year in Toulon is Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".. The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24"..

Climate data for Toulon, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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Source: Weatherbase.com [1]
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Administration

Var is managed by the Departmental Council of Ardennes in Toulon. The department is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 153 communes (municipalities) in Var.[5]

Arrondissements of Var
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2014)
Area[7]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
831 Draguignan Draguignan 321,569 2,416.5 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 54
832 Toulon Toulon 565,669 1,295.8 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 32
833 Brignoles Brignoles 150,974 2,260.2 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". 67

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Var department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

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  1. Brignoles (8301)
  2. La Crau (8302)
  3. Draguignan (8303)
  4. Flayosc (8304)
  5. Fréjus (8305)
  6. La Garde (8306)
  7. Garéoult (8307)
  8. Hyères (8308)
  9. Le Luc (8309)
  10. Ollioules (8310)
  11. Roquebrune-sur-Argens (8311)
  12. Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer (8312)
  13. Sainte-Maxime (8313)
  14. Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume (8314)
  15. Saint-Raphaël (8315)
  16. La Seyne-sur-Mer-1 (8316)
  17. La Seyne-sur-Mer-2 (8317)
  18. Solliès-Pont (8318)
  19. Toulon-1 (8319)
  20. Toulon-2 (8320)
  21. Toulon-3 (8321)
  22. Toulon-4 (8322)
  23. Vidauban (8323)

Demographics

The inhabitants of the Var department are known, in French, as Varois (women: Varoises),[9]

Var had a population, in 2014, of 1,038,212,[10] for a population density of Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Toulon, with 565,669 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Var <timeline> Colors=

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ImageSize = width:400 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:1200000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:200000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:100000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData=

 bar:1968 text:1968
 bar:1975 text:1975
 bar:1982 text:1982
 bar:1990 text:1990
 bar:1999 text:1999
 bar:2008 text:2008
 bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

 color:barra width:30 align:left
 bar:1968 from:0 till: 555926
 bar:1975 from:0 till: 626093
 bar:1982 from:0 till: 708331
 bar:1990 from:0 till: 815714
 bar:1999 from:0 till: 898441
 bar:2008 from:0 till: 1001408
 bar:2014 from:0 till: 1038212

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 555926 fontsize:S text: 555,926 shift:(-12,10)
bar:1975 at: 626093 fontsize:S text: 626,093 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 708331 fontsize:S text: 708,331 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 815714 fontsize:S text: 815,714 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1999 at: 898441 fontsize:S text: 898,441 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2008 at: 1001408 fontsize:S text: 1,001,408 shift:(-25,5)
bar:2014 at: 1038212 fontsize:S text: 1,038,212 shift:(-25,5)

</timeline>

The communes with more inhabitants in the department are:[6]

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Toulon 165,584 Toulon
La Seyne-sur-Mer 64,675 Toulon
Hyères 56,502 Toulon
Fréjus 53,511 Draguignan
Draguignan 40,054 Draguignan
Saint-Raphaël 34,567 Draguignan
Six-Fours-les-Plages 33,652 Toulon
La Garde 25,145 Toulon
La Valette-du-Var 22,271 Toulon
La Crau 16,749 Toulon
Brignoles 16,690 Brignoles

Gallery

Related pages

References

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Other websites

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