United States Secretary of the Treasury

United States
Secretary of the Treasury
100px
Official Seal
FormationSeptember 11, 1789
First holderAlexander Hamilton
SuccessionFifth
Websitewww.treasury.gov

The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury. He is concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. This position in the Federal Government of the United States is similar to the finance ministers of other nations.

From the U.S. Department of the Treasury website:

"The Secretary of the Treasury is the principal economic advisor to the President and plays a critical role in policy-making by bringing an economic and government financial policy perspective to issues facing the government. The Secretary is responsible for formulating and recommending domestic and international financial, economic, and tax policy, participating in the formulation of broad fiscal policies that have general significance for the economy, and managing the public debt. The Secretary oversees the activities of the Department in carrying out its major law enforcement responsibilities; in serving as the financial agent for the United States Government; and in manufacturing coins and currency.
"The Chief Financial Officer of the government, the Secretary serves as Chairman Pro Tempore of the President's Economic Policy Council, Chairman of the Boards and Managing Trustee of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds, and as U.S. Governor of the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development."

Secretaries of the Treasury

File:Robert morris portrait.jpg
Peale portrait of Robert Morris
Note: Robert Morris was the first person appointed Secretary of the Treasury by George Washington, but Morris declined this office; thus the 1st Secretary of the Treasury was Alexander Hamilton - appointed at Morris's suggestion. Morris had held a similar position as Superintendent of Finance under the Continental Congress. From Morris's 1784 resignation until 1789, the young union's finances were overseen by a three-member Treasury Board. [1]
No. Picture Name State of Residence Term of Office President(s) served under
1 75px Alexander Hamilton New York September 11, 1789 January 31, 1795 George Washington
2 75px Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Connecticut February 3, 1795 December 31, 1800 George Washington, John Adams
3 75px Samuel Dexter Massachusetts January 1, 1801 May 13, 1801 John Adams, Thomas Jefferson
4 75px Albert Gallatin Pennsylvania May 14, 1801 February 8, 1814 Thomas Jefferson, James Madison
5 75px George W. Campbell Tennessee February 9, 1814 October 5, 1814 James Madison
6 75px Alexander J. Dallas Pennsylvania October 6, 1814 October 21, 1816
7 75px William H. Crawford Georgia October 22, 1816 March 6, 1825 James Madison, James Monroe
8 75px Richard Rush Pennsylvania March 7, 1825 March 5, 1829 John Quincy Adams
9 75px Samuel D. Ingham Pennsylvania March 6, 1829 June 20, 1831 Andrew Jackson
10 75px Louis McLane Delaware August 8, 1831 May 28, 1833
11 75px William J. Duane Pennsylvania May 29, 1833 September 22, 1833
12 75px Roger B. Taney Maryland September 23, 1833 June 25, 1834
13 75px Levi Woodbury New Hampshire July 1, 1834 March 3, 1841 Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
14 75px Thomas Ewing Ohio March 4, 1841 September 11, 1841 William Henry Harrison, John Tyler
15 75px Walter Forward Pennsylvania September 13, 1841 March 1, 1843 John Tyler
16 75px John C. Spencer New York March 8, 1843 May 2, 1844
17 75px George M. Bibb Kentucky July 4, 1844 March 7, 1845
18 75px Robert J. Walker Mississippi March 8, 1845 March 5, 1849 James Knox Polk
19 75px William M. Meredith Pennsylvania March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
20 75px Thomas Corwin Ohio July 23, 1850 March 6, 1853 Millard Fillmore
21 75px James Guthrie Kentucky March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857 Franklin Pierce
22 75px Howell Cobb Georgia March 7, 1857 December 8, 1860 James Buchanan
23 75px Philip Thomas Maryland December 12, 1860 January 14, 1861
24 75px John A. Dix New York January 15, 1861 March 6, 1861
25 75px Salmon P. Chase Ohio March 7, 1861 June 30, 1864 Abraham Lincoln
26 75px William P. Fessenden Maine July 5, 1864 March 3, 1865
27 75px Hugh McCulloch Indiana March 9, 1865 March 3, 1869 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
28 75px George S. Boutwell Massachusetts March 12, 1869 March 16, 1873 Ulysses S. Grant
29 75px William A. Richardson Massachusetts March 17, 1873 June 3, 1874
30 75px Benjamin Bristow Kentucky June 4, 1874 June 20, 1876
31 75px Lot M. Morrill Maine July 7, 1876 March 9, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes
32 75px John Sherman Ohio March 10, 1877 March 3, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
33 75px William Windom Minnesota March 8, 1881 November 13, 1881 James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
34 75px Charles J. Folger New York November 14, 1881 September 4, 1884 Chester A. Arthur
35 75px Walter Q. Gresham Indiana September 5, 1884 October 30, 1884
36 75px Hugh McCulloch Indiana October 31, 1884 March 7, 1885 Chester A. Arthur, Grover Cleveland
37 75px Daniel Manning New York March 8, 1885 March 31, 1887 Grover Cleveland
38 75px Charles S. Fairchild New York April 1, 1887 March 6, 1889
39 75px William Windom Minnesota March 7, 1889 January 29, 1891 Benjamin Harrison
40 75px Charles Foster Ohio February 25, 1891 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland
41 75px John G. Carlisle Kentucky March 7, 1893 March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland, William McKinley
42 75px Lyman J. Gage Illinois March 6, 1897 January 31, 1902 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
43 75px L. M. Shaw Iowa February 1, 1902 March 3, 1907 Theodore Roosevelt
44 75px George B. Cortelyou New York March 4, 1907 March 7, 1909
45 75px Franklin MacVeagh Illinois March 8, 1909 March 5, 1913 William Howard Taft
46 75px William Gibbs McAdoo New York March 6, 1913 December 15, 1918 Woodrow Wilson
47 75px Carter Glass Virginia December 16, 1918 February 1, 1920
48 75px David F. Houston Missouri February 2, 1920 March 3, 1921
49 75px Andrew W. Mellon Pennsylvania March 4, 1921 February 12, 1932 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover
50 75px Ogden L. Mills New York February 13, 1932 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
51 75px William H. Woodin New York March 5, 1933 December 31, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt
52 75px Henry Morgenthau, Jr. New York January 1, 1934 July 22, 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
53 75px Fred M. Vinson Kentucky July 23, 1945 June 23, 1946 Harry S. Truman
54 75px John W. Snyder Missouri June 25, 1946 January 20, 1953
55 75px George M. Humphrey Ohio January 21, 1953 July 29, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
56 75px Robert B. Anderson Connecticut July 29, 1957 January 20, 1961
57 75px C. Douglas Dillon New Jersey January 21, 1961 April 1, 1965 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
58 75px Henry H. Fowler Virginia April 1, 1965 December 20, 1968 Lyndon Johnson
59 75px Joseph W. Barr Indiana December 21, 1968 January 20, 1969
60 75px David M. Kennedy Utah January 22, 1969 February 10, 1971 Richard Nixon
61 75px John Connally Texas February 11, 1971 June 12, 1972
62 75px George P. Shultz Illinois June 12, 1972 May 8, 1974
63 75px William E. Simon New Jersey May 8, 1974 January 20, 1977 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
64 75px W. Michael Blumenthal Michigan January 23, 1977 August 4, 1979 Jimmy Carter
65 75px G. William Miller Rhode Island August 7, 1979 January 20, 1981
66 75px Donald Regan New Jersey January 22, 1981 February 1, 1985 Ronald Reagan
67 75px James Baker Texas February 4, 1985 August 17, 1988
68 75px Nicholas F. Brady New Jersey September 15, 1988 January 17, 1993 Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush
69 75px Lloyd Bentsen Texas January 20, 1993 December 22, 1994 Bill Clinton
70 75px Robert Rubin New York January 11, 1995 July 2, 1999
71 75px Lawrence Summers Massachusetts July 2, 1999 January 20, 2001
72 75px Paul O'Neill Pennsylvania January 20, 2001 December 31, 2002 George W. Bush
73 75px John W. Snow Virginia February 3, 2003 June 30, 2006
74 75px Henry Paulson Illinois July 10, 2006 January 20, 2009
75 75px Timothy Geithner New York January 26, 2009 January 25, 2013 Barack Obama
76 Jacob Lew Jacob Lew New York February 28, 2013 January 20, 2017
77 Steven Mnuchin Steven Mnuchin California February 13, 2017 Present Donald Trump

Acting Secretaries of the Treasury

References

  • "Secretaries of the Treasury". History of the Treasury. United States Department of the Treasury. Retrieved 2006-04-09.