J. R. R. Tolkien

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J. R. R. Tolkien
Tolkien, aged 24, in military uniform, while serving in the British Army during World War I, 1916.
BornJohn Ronald Reuel Tolkien
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Bloemfontein, Orange Free State
Died2 September 1973(1973-09-02) (aged 81)
Bournemouth, England
OccupationAuthor, academic, philologist, poet
GenresFantasy, high fantasy, translation, criticism
Notable work(s)The Hobbit
The Lord of the Rings
The Silmarillion
Spouse(s)Edith Bratt (1916–1971)
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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was a British philologist, university professor, and writer. Tolkien is best known for his most famous works, The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.


He was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa but his parents were both from England. He fought in World War I, and after the war he found a job helping to produce the Oxford English Dictionary. Tolkien was very interested in languages, and he had studied at Oxford University. Soon he became a professor of English Language at the University of Leeds. He was then a professor at the University of Oxford until 1959, when he retired. He also was good friends with many other writers and scholars, most notably C. S. Lewis, who wrote the Narnia books, The Screwtape Letters, and many essays on Christian theology. Tolkien himself was a devout Catholic.

Tolkien married Edith Mary Bratt on March 22, 1916 in England at the age of 24.[1] They had four children, three sons and a girl: John, Michael, Christopher, and Priscilla.


He created and worked on the fictional fantasy world of Middle-earth for most of his life, and his most famous books are set in that world. Because of his Middle-earth books he is often considered the "father of high fantasy" which made the fantasy genre very popular.

Tolkien wrote other books, for example Farmer Giles Of Ham, and also illustrated (drew the pictures and maps for) The Lord of the Rings. The Lord of the Rings was published in three parts and has been made into several motion pictures. The Lord of the Rings took 12 years to write.


Fiction and poetry

Academic and other works


  1. Biography, page 86.

Other websites