The Gambia

Republic of the Gambia

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Motto: "Progress, Peace, Prosperity"
Location of the Gambia (dark red area within circle) on the coast of West Africa.
Location of the Gambia (dark red area within circle) on the coast of West Africa.
Largest citySerekunda
Official languagesEnglish
National languagesMandinka, Fula, Wolof, Serer, Jola
Ethnic groups
GovernmentPresidential republic
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LegislatureNational Assembly
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• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (164th)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
1,782,893[1] (149th)
• 2003 census
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (74th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$3.496 billion[2]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$977 million[2]
• Per capita
Gini (1998)50.2
HDI (2007)Decrease 0.456
low · 168th
CurrencyDalasi (GMD)
Time zoneGMT
Driving sideright
Calling code+220
ISO 3166 codeGM
A map of The Gambia

The Gambia is officially called the Republic of the Gambia. This country is also known as Gambia.[3] It is a country in West Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal. It is the smallest country on mainland Africa.


The geography of Gambia is unusual. It is a long, thin country. Except for its coastline it is completely surrounded by the country of Senegal. The River Gambia flows from Senegal through its centre and into the Atlantic Ocean.

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The population of The Gambia is about 1.7 million. People from The Gambia are called Gambians. A number of people from different cultures and backgrounds live in The Gambia. Some of the largest groups are called Mandinka, Fula, and Wolof.

English is the official language, but people speak other languages as well.

Most Gambians follow the religion of Islam.

The American writer Alex Haley, who wrote the book Roots, found that his family came from The Gambia in the 1760s.


  1. CIA World Factbook.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "The Gambia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  3. There is variability in the use of the definite article, and whether it is capitalized. The British Permanent Committee on Geographical Names notes, We do have a letter dated May 1964 from the Gambian prime minister's office which instructed us that it should be The Gambia with a capital T. One of the reasons they gave was that Gambia could be confused with Zambia, which was a new name to the international community at the time.[1] However, in running text the present Gambian government generally does not capitalize the "the", and in captions it drops the "the" altogether.[2]