The insignia of the SA
Agency overview
Formed c.1919
Superseding agency 23px SS (c.1934 onwards)
Jurisdiction Germanyborder|Nazi|class=noviewer|baseline|Flagge Germany Germany
Headquarters SA High Command, Barerstraße, Munich
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Employees 3,000,000 (c.1934)
Ministers responsible Emil Maurice (1920–1921), Oberster SA-Führer
Hans Ulrich Klintzsche (1921–1923), Oberster SA-Führer
Hermann Göring (1923), Oberster SA-Führer
Franz Pfeffer von Salomon (1926–1930), Oberster SA-Führer

Adolf Hitler (1930–1945), Oberster SA-Führer
Agency executives Otto Wagener (1929–1931), Stabschef-SA
Ernst Röhm (1931–1934), Stabschef-SA
Viktor Lutze (1934–1943), Stabschef-SA
Wilhelm Scheppmann (1943–1945), Stabschef-SA
Parent agency Germanyborder|Nazi|class=noviewer|baseline|Flagge Germany NSDAP
Child agency 23px SS (until c.1934)

The Sturmabteilung (Audio file "De-Sturmabteilung.ogg" not found; often shortened to SA) was a paramilitary group for the German Nazi Party. Their leader was Ernst Röhm.

In English, they are often called the Stormtroopers or the Brownshirts, while Sturmabteilung literally translates to "assault detachment" or "assault section". The group was important in helping Adolf Hitler gain power in the 1930s. They wore a brown uniform, similar to the black uniform worn by Mussolini's Blackshirts.

The word Sturmabteilung was used before the founding of the Nazi Party in 1919. It originally comes from the specialized assault troops used by Germany in World War I utilising Hutier infiltration tactics.

The SA played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1930s. In 1934, however, he abolished the organization and sent the Schutzstaffel to arrest and kill their leaders.

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