South Korea

South Korea

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Template:Infobox country/imagetable
Motto: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.
Benefit broadly the human world (unofficial)
Anthem: Aegukga Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.
("The Patriotic Song")
Location of South Korea
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Largest citySeoul
Official languagesKorean
Official scriptsHangul
Ethnic groups
Korean (99.99%)[1]
Demonym(s)South Korean, Korean
GovernmentPresidential republic
Template:Infobox country/multirow
LegislatureNational Assembly
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (109th)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
48,875,000[2] (24th)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (21st)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$2.029 trillion[3] (12th)
• Per capita
$41,173[3] (26th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$1.53 trillion[3] (11th)
• Per capita
$30,919[3] (32nd)
Gini (2007)29.5[4]
HDI (2018)Increase 0.901[5]
very high · 15th
CurrencySouth Korean won (₩) (KRW)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+9 (not observed)
Date formatyyyy년 mm월 dd일
yyyy/mm/dd (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code82
Internet, .한국
  1. Mobile phone systems are CDMA, WCDMA, HSDPA and WiBro
  2. Domestic power supply specifies at 220V/60 Hz, CEE 7/7 sockets

South Korea is a country in the southern part of the Korean peninsula, in the north east region of Asia. The capital city is Seoul. The official name of South Korea is the Republic of Korea in English, 대한민국 (Daehan Minguk) in Korean writing (Hangeul), and 大韓民國 in Chinese characters (Hanja). About half of the country's people live in its capital city, Seoul, or near the city in the metropolitan area. Korea's Seoul metropolitan area is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. In fact, some sources say it is the second most populous after Tokyo, Japan.[6]


South Korea's history began with Dangunwanggeom's Gojoseon. Gojoseon was conquered by Han China. After Gojoseon collapsed, there were a lot of countries such as Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongyae and Samhan. But Baekje, Goguryeo and Silla were the strongest. So their period began, and it is called the Three Kingdoms Period. Goguryeo and Baekje were conquered by Silla and Dang China's allied forces, and Silla unified the three kingdoms. There was another country, Balhae. Balhae was founded by Dae Jo-Young. Later Silla and Balhae's period is called South and North Countries Period. A rebellion in Later Silla caused the birth of a new nation: Goryeo, which was founded by Wanggeon. Mongolia's invaded Goryeo. Near the end of the Goryeo period, there was a great general Lee Seong-Gye. The king of Goryeo directed him to occupy Yodong, but he opposed. However, Lee Seong-Gye went to Yodong to occupy it, but he returned to Goryeo and he revolted. His revolt succeeded, and he founded the country Joseon. Joseon's first king, Taejo, moved the capital to Hanyang (Seoul). Joseon's fourth king, Sejong, made the Korean alphabet, Hangeul. Joseon's twenty-second king, Jeongjo, built Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon. Joseon's twenty-sixth king, Gojong, changed the country's name to Daehanjeguk. When Daehanjaeguk's power weakened, Japan occupied it for 35 years until Japan's defeat in World War II in 1945. In 1950, there was a big war, the Korean War. As a result, Korea was split into two countries, North and South.


South Korea is in East Asia, bordering North Korea, and is surrounded by water on three sides, as it makes up the southern part of the Korean peninsula. It is separated from Japan by the East Sea. South Korea is mainly mountainous, and there are many islands off the south coast. The capital city, Seoul, is quite close to the North Korean border. The largest island is Jeju Island and the highest mountain is Hallasan, on Jeju. The country is slightly smaller than Iceland and Virginia.

Politics and government

South Korea is a democracy, meaning that people can vote for their government. The President of South Korea is elected to a five-year term, and cannot stand in a Presidential Election for a second time. The current president is Moon Jae-in since 10 May 2017. The previous president, Park Geun-hye, was impeached for corruption.

Science and technology

South Korea is a very rich country and is known for a lot of technology. This includes the car-makers Hyundai and Kia. The well-known global brand Samsung, which makes mobile phones, semi-conductors and electric devices, is also South Korean.


South Korea has been affected by both continental culture and marine culture because it is located on a peninsula. Ancient South Korean culture has developed with the culture of Siberia, the northern part of Central Asia, the southern part of Southeast Asia and neighboring countries like China.


South Korea's customary and official language is Korean. Many linguists says that it is linked with Altaic languages. Hangul, the alphabet which is used to write Korean, was published by King Sejong the Great of Joseon in 1446. It is the only alphabet in the word whose creator, invention day and invention principle is known.


A customary South Korean regular meal is made up of rice, Korean soup, kimchi and other various dishes. Generally, Korean dishes are seasoned with sesame oil, soy bean paste, soy sauce, salt, ginger and chilli pepper paste. The most famous traditional food of Korea, kimchi, is eaten with nearly every meal. There are lots of popular South Korean typical foods such as bibimbap, tteokbokki, and bulgogi.


In South Korea, 19.7% of people are Protestant, 6.6% are Catholic, 23.2% are Buddhist, 49.3% have no religion, and 1.3% either are a part of other religions or have beliefs that are unknown.[7]


The most representative traditional music of Korea is Arirang and every region has its own folk song. Many South Korean singers are well known in world as K-pop is steadily developing. There are lots of K-pop singers like GOT7, Boa, TVXQ, Super Junior, Girls' Generation, Blackpink, Shinee, Beast (Or known as Highlight), Exo, BTS, etc.

Cities and provinces

South Korea has 1 special city (Teukbyeolsi; 특별시; 特別市), 1 special self-governing city (Teukbyeol-Jachisi; 특별자치시; 特別自治市) 6 metropolitan cities (Gwangyeoksi; 광역시; 廣域市), and 9 provinces (do; 도; 道). The names below are given in English, Revised Romanization, Hangeul, and Hanja.

Special city

  • Seoul Special City (Seoul-teukbyeolsi; 서울특별시; 서울特別市)
    • Note: 서울 (Seoul) itself has no corresponding Hanja.
  • Busan Metropolitan City (Busan-gwangyeoksi; 부산광역시)

Special self-governing city

  • Sejong special self-governing city (Sejong-teukbyeol-jachasi 세종특별자치시; 世宗特別自治市)

Metropolitan cities


Notes and references

  1. Korea, South: People and Society
  2. "총인구, 인구성장률 : 지표상세화면". Retrieved 2010-10-29.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "South Korea". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  4. Gini index CIA World Fact Book
  5. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  6. "3_4whicharethe.pdf (application/pdf 객체)" (PDF). Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  7. "Korean religious statistics". Retrieved 2008-03-19. External link in |publisher= (help)

Further reading


  • Breen, Michael (2004). The Koreans: Who They Are, What They Want, Where Their Future Lies, St. Martin's Griffin. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..
  • Cumings, Bruce (1997). Korea's place in the sun, New York: W.W. Norton. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..
  • Hart, Dennis (2003). From Tradition to Consumption: Constructing a Capitalist Culture in South Korea. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..
  • Hawley, Samuel (2005). The Imjin War. Japan's Sixteenth-Century Invasion of Korea and Attempt to Conquer China, The Royal Asiatic Society. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..
  • KOIS (2003). Handbook of Korea, 11 edition, Hollym. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..
  • Nahm, Andrew C. (1996). Korea: A history of the Korean people, 2 edition, Hollym. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..
  • Yang, Sung Chul (1999). The North and South Korean political systems: A comparative analysis, Hollym. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..
  • Yonhap News Agency (2004). Korea Annual 2004. Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn"..