South America

South America is the continent to the south of North America.[1][2] These two continents are separated by the Panama Canal.

South America is attached to Central America at the boundary of Panama.[3] Geographically[4] all of Panama – including the part east of the Panama Canal in the isthmus – is usually included in North America alone,[5][6][7] among the countries of Central America.[8][9]

South America stretches from the Caribbean Sea almost to Antarctica.[3] It borders the Atlantic on the east, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.[3] South America can be divided into four parts.[3] The Caribbean Republics include Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.[3] The Andean Republics include Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile and Peru. The River Plate Republics have Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina.[3] Brazil, the largest, is almost half of South America.

Natural resources

The soil in Argentina's Pampas is among the best in the world. Brazil's soil is very good for growing coffee.[3] A great number of minerals have been found. Few, however, have been mined.[3] Among those that were mined are iron, manganese, gold, and gemstones.[3] The tropical forests are rich in valuable trees, like mahogany, ebony, and rubber.[3] Oil is also a resource in some places.[3]

Wildlife

South America is home to a large variety of animal life. These include animals such as jaguars, macaws, monkeys, anacondas, llamas, piranhas, toucans, tapirs, cougars, condors and chinchillas.

Tourist attractions

The most popular attractions are:

Related pages

References

  1. "South America. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. 2001–6. New York, Columbia University Press": "fourth largest continent ..., the southern of the two continents of the Western Hemisphere." Archived from the original 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2017-03-24
  2. "Countries in Latin America & the Caribbean". lanic.utexas.edu. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Template:Cite book
  4. Cohen, Saul Bernard. 2003. "North and Middle America" (Ch. 5). Geopolitics of the World System (Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn".)
  5. "Americas" Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49), United Nations Statistics Division
  6. "The Atlas of Canada - North America". atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  7. "Atlas - Xpeditions @ nationalgeographic.com". nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  8. "Panama". Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
  9. Geography: Panama CIA World Factbook 2008.