Scipio Africanus

Publius Cornelius Scipio
File:Escipión africano.JPG
Roman bronze bust of Scipio Africanus the Elder from the National Archaeological Museum, Naples (Inv. No. 5634),
dated mid-first century BC[1]
Excavated from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum by Karl Jakob Weber, 1750–65.[2]
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Personal details
Born236 BC
Rome, Italy, Roman Republic
Died183 BC (aged 53)
Liternum, Roman Republic
Spouse(s)Aemilia Tertia
ChildrenPublius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (priest), Lucius Cornelius Scipio (praetor), Cornelia Africana Major, Cornelia Africana
Military service
Allegiance25px Roman Republic
RankProconsul
Battles/warsSecond Punic War
Battle of Ticinus
Battle of the Trebia
Battle of Cannae
Battle of Cartagena
Battle of Baecula
Battle of Ilipa
Battle of Utica
Battle of the Great Plains
Battle of Zama
Roman–Seleucid War
Battle of Magnesia

Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC) [3] was a general in the Second Punic War and a politician of the Roman Republic. He was best known for defeating Hannibal of Carthage.

Scipio won the battle of Zama in North Africa. He got the last name Africanus and became known as one of the best commanders in military history. The battle was a complete disaster for Carthage, who had to beg for peace, and were given humiliating terms by Rome.

References

  1. AncientRome.ru. "THE DATABASE OF ANCIENT ART." Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  2. AncientRome.ru. "Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus." Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  3. He was also known as Scipio the African, Scipio Africanus-Major, Scipio Africanus the Elder, and Scipio the Great. Plutarch, The parallel lives: the life of Aemilius II.V.