Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Anthem: Weimars Volkslied
|Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach within the German Empire|
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach within the German Empire
|Status||Template:Infobox country/status text|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|1905||3,617 km2 (1,397 sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]|
The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.) was created in 1809 when the Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach were formally joined into one state. The two duchies had shared the same ruler since 1741, which is when the Saxe-Eisenach line had died out. It became a Grand Duchy in 1815.
In 1877, the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach officially became the Grand Duchy of Saxony (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.), but this name was not often used. The Grand Duchy was abolished in 1918 with the other German monarchies, and the state joined others to form the new state of Thuringia in the Weimar Republic.
Rulers of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1809 – 1815
- Carl August, 1809 – 15; Duke of Saxe-Weimar and of Saxe-Eisenach from 1758
Grand Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1815 – 1918
- Carl August, 1815 – 28
- Carl Friedrich, 1828 – 53
- Carl Alexander, 1853 – 1901
- Wilhelm Ernst, 1901 – 18
Heads of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1918 – present
- Grand Duke Wilhelm Ernst, 1918 – 23
- Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August, 1923 – 88
- Prince Michael, 1988 – present
- Carl August was born as the heir apparent to the Grand Duchy, so he was always known as Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August. Prince Michael was born after the Grand Duchy was abolished, and is called Prince Michael as he has never reigned as Grand Duke.