Sacred cow

Sacred cow is an idiom. It is an expression or phrase that is used without the literal meaning of being about a cow or religion. When spoken or written it means a person or a belief that has been respected for a long time.Also it is believed that if a new born can't get mother's milk the only other milk suitable is Cows Milk. So it is considered equivalent to mother and Hinduism Buddhism or any religion does not allow eating beef. It has become sacred and people are then afraid or unwilling to criticise or question it.[1]

The idiom is based on the honor shown to cows in Hinduism. It is thought to have started in America in the early 20th century.[2] Similar idioms are used in many other languages. Saying "holy cow!" when surprised may be another example.[3]

An actual 'sacred cow' or 'sacred bull' is a real animal that is treated with sincere respect in specific religions and their celebrations. They cannot eat the meat of cows because they are sacred.

In religion

In Hinduism, cows are thought to be sacred, or deeply respected. They are held in high esteem and Hindus worship cows. The reason has to do with cows' agricultural uses and gentle nature. Hindus rely heavily on cows for dairy products, for tilling fields, and for dung as a source of fuel and fertilizer. So, cows are seen as a 'caretaker' or maternal figure. One Hindu Goddess is usually shown in the form of a cow: Bhoomi (ভূমি). She represents the Earth.

Most Hindus respect cows for their gentle nature. Cows also represents butter (ghee) and strength. Cows are honored in society, and most Hindus do not eat beef. There is a festival to thank cows for serving farmers for agriculture, This festival is called as "Mattupongal" which is one among the four days of the grand Indian festival called the Pongal which is completely focused on thanking each and every agricultural implement.

Celebration of cows

File:Cows decorated for Diwali.jpg
White cows decorated for a Diwali festival celebration

In the Hindu tradition, cows are honored, garlanded and given special feedings at festivals all over India. One is the annual Gopastami festival, dedicated to Krishna and cows.[4]

The cow's nature is represented in Kamadhenu; the goddess who is the mother of all cows. In India, more than 3,000 institutions called Gaushalas care for old and infirm cows. According to animal husbandry statistics there are about 44,900,000 cows in India, the highest in the world.[5] So while some old and infirm cows are treated in Gaushalas, the rest are generally abandoned at public places such as railway stations and bazaars.

Honoring the cow inspires in people the virtues of gentleness and connects them with nature. The cow gives milk and cream, yogurt and cheese, butter and ghee. The milk of a cow is believed to refine a person. The ghee (clarified butter) from the milk is used in ceremonies and in preparing religious food. Cow dung is used as fertilizer, as a fuel and as a disinfectant in homes.


Related pages


  1. "Sacred cow: definitions". Mirriam-Webster dictionary. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  2. "Sacred cow". unabridged. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  3. Brown, Peter Jensen. "Holy Cow! Hinduism and Baseball". Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  4. "Importance of Gopastami Festival for Devotees". website. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  5. "AHDB Dairy - Datum World Cow Numbers". Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  6. Template:Cite book