Relative key

When a piece of music is in a major key, the relative minor means the minor key which has the same key signature. It can be found by taking the sixth note of the first scale and playing a minor scale starting on that note. For example: in C major the sixth note is an A. Therefore, A minor is the relative minor of C major (C major and A minor share the same key signature: no sharps or flats). C major is called the relative major of A minor.

A complete list of relative minor/major pairs in order of the circle of fifths is:

Key signature Major key Minor key
B<math>\flat</math>, E<math>\flat</math>, A<math>\flat</math>, D<math>\flat</math>, G<math>\flat</math>, C<math>\flat</math>, F<math>\flat</math> C flat major A flat minor
B<math>\flat</math>, E<math>\flat</math>, A<math>\flat</math>, D<math>\flat</math>, G<math>\flat</math>, C<math>\flat</math> G flat major E flat minor
B<math>\flat</math>, E<math>\flat</math>, A<math>\flat</math>, D<math>\flat</math>, G<math>\flat</math> D flat major B flat minor
B<math>\flat</math>, E<math>\flat</math>, A<math>\flat</math>, D<math>\flat</math> A flat major F minor
B<math>\flat</math>, E<math>\flat</math>, A<math>\flat</math> E flat major C minor
B<math>\flat</math>, E<math>\flat</math> B flat major G minor
B<math>\flat</math> F major D minor
C major A minor
F<math>\sharp</math> G major E minor
F<math>\sharp</math>, C<math>\sharp</math> D major B minor
F<math>\sharp</math>, C<math>\sharp</math>, G<math>\sharp</math> A major F sharp minor
F<math>\sharp</math>, C<math>\sharp</math>, G<math>\sharp</math>, D<math>\sharp</math> E major C sharp minor
F<math>\sharp</math>, C<math>\sharp</math>, G<math>\sharp</math>, D<math>\sharp</math>, A<math>\sharp</math> B major G sharp minor
F<math>\sharp</math>, C<math>\sharp</math>, G<math>\sharp</math>, D<math>\sharp</math>, A<math>\sharp</math>, E<math>\sharp</math> F sharp major D sharp minor
F<math>\sharp</math>, C<math>\sharp</math>, G<math>\sharp</math>, D<math>\sharp</math>, A<math>\sharp</math>, E<math>\sharp</math>, B<math>\sharp</math> C sharp major A sharp minor

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