Queen Victoria

Photograph of Queen Victoria, 1882
Victoria wearing her small diamond crown
Photograph by Alexander Bassano, 1882
Queen of the United Kingdom
Reign20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901
Coronation28 June 1838
PredecessorWilliam IV
SuccessorEdward VII
Prime MinistersSee list
Empress of India
Reign1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901
Imperial Durbar1 January 1877
SuccessorEdward VII
ViceroysSee list
BornTemplate:Birth date
Kensington Palace, London
Died22 January 1901(1901-01-22) (aged 81)
Osborne House, Isle of Wight
Burial4 February 1901
Frogmore, Windsor
SpousePrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Full name
Alexandrina Victoria
HouseHouse of Hanover
FatherPrince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
MotherPrincess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
SignatureVictoria.'s signature

Queen Victoria (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. She was on the throne longer than any other king or queen in the history of the United Kingdom. She was born in London to a German princess and an English prince in 1819. She became queen at the age of 18, on the death of her uncle, William IV.

She was educated by her governess, Louise Lehzen and Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well.

In 1840, Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert who encouraged science, trade and art. They had nine children, and made it clear they believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example. In 1851, the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace was opened. It happened partly because of Albert's hard work. The exhibition featured the achievements of British people in the Victorian era.

In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria began to keep away from public life; this made her less popular. During the years that followed, Britain became more powerful, and in 1877, Victoria was given the title of "Empress of India". She became more popular with her people. In 1897, she had her Diamond Jubilee to celebrate 60 years of being on the throne.

Many of Victoria's children became monarchs, princes and princesses of other countries, and late in life she was called the "grandmother of Europe". Queen Victoria was always very interested in India, although she never went there. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, sketching, horse riding and singing; she was given lessons as a child by the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano.[1] She kept a regular diary throughout her life.


Name Birth Death Notes
The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal 21 November 1840 5 August 1901 Married 1858, Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia; had children.
King Edward VII 9 November 1841 6 May 1910 Married 1863, Princess Alexandra of Denmark; had children.
The Princess Alice 25 April 1843 14 December 1878 Married 1862, Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine; had children.
The Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh 6 August 1844 31 July 1900 Married 1874, Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia; had children.
The Princess Helena 25 May 1846 9 June 1923 Married 1866, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg; had children.
The Princess Louise 18 March 1848 3 December 1939 Married 1871, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll; no children.
The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn 1 May 1850 16 January 1942 Married 1879, Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia; had children.
The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany 7 April 1853 28 March 1884 Married 1882, Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont; had children.
The Princess Beatrice 14 April 1857 26 October 1944 Married 1885, Prince Henry of Battenberg; had children


Victoria of the United Kingdom's ancestors in three generations
Victoria of the United Kingdom Father:
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Paternal Grandfather:
George III of the United Kingdom
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Paternal Grandmother:
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Maternal Grandfather:
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Maternal Grandmother:
Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach
File:The Young Queen Victoria.jpg
A young Queen Victoria


  1. Arnstein, Walter L. "Victoria, Queen of Great Britain." Europe 1789-1914, Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry & Empire. Gale Biography in Context. Web. 10 June 2014.

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