President of Germany

Federal President of the Federal Republic of Germany
Bundespräsident der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
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StyleHis Excellency
(in international relations only)
ResidenceSchloss Bellevue (Berlin)
Villa Hammerschmidt (Bonn)
AppointerFederal Convention
Term lengthFive years
Renewable once, consecutively
Constituting instrumentBasic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
PrecursorThe Reichspräsident
Formation24 May 1949
First holderTheodor Heuss
Websitewww.bundespraesident.de
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Foreign relations
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The President of Germany (German: Bundespräsident, literally: federal president) is the head of state of the Federal Republic of Germany. His functions are mostly supervising and representative, because of the negative experiences with the office of its predecessor the Reich President (Reichskanzler).

The president is elected every five years by the Bundesversammlung.

List of Presidents

  1. Theodor Heuss (FDP), 1949 – 1959
  2. Heinrich Lübke (CDU), 1959 – 1969
  3. Gustav Heinemann (SPD), 1969 – 1974
  4. Walter Scheel (FDP), 1974 – 1979
  5. Karl Carstens (CDU), 1979 – 1984
  6. Richard von Weizsäcker (CDU), 1984 – 1994
  7. Roman Herzog (CDU), 1994 – 1999
  8. Johannes Rau (SPD), 1999 – 2004
  9. Horst Köhler (CDU), 2004 – 2010
  10. Christian Wulff (CDU), 2010 – 2012
  11. Joachim Gauck (Independent), 2012 – 2017
  12. Frank-Walter Steinmeier (SPD), since 2017

References