Pope Sixtus V

Sixtus V
File:Sixtus5.jpg
Papacy began24 April 1585
Papacy ended27 August 1590
PredecessorPope Gregory XIII
SuccessorPope Urban VII
Personal details
Birth nameFelice Peretti di Montalto
BornTemplate:Birth date
Grottammare, Papal States
Died27 August 1590(1590-08-27) (aged 69)
Rome
Other Popes named Sixtus
Template:Wikidata image

Pope Sixtus V (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.; 13 December 1520 – 27 August 1590),[1] born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 228th Pope from 1585 to 1590.[2]

Early life

Felice Peretti was born in December 1520 at Grottammare[3] in the province of Ascoli Piceno.[4]

Monk

In 1547, Peretti was ordained.[3]

Peretti became a Franciscan; and in 1560, he became Apostolic vicar of his order.[3]

In 1565, Pope Pius IV assigned Peretti to work with Cardinal Buoncompagni (who would become Pope Gregory XIII); but they did not work well together.[4]

Bishop

In 1566 Pope Pius V made Peretti Bishop of Sant' Agata dei Goti in the Kingdom of Naples.[3]

Cardinal

In 1570, Peretti was raised to the rank of cardinal.[3]

After the election of Gregory XIII, Peretti withdrew from public activities.[4]

Pope

Cardinal di Montalto was elected pope in 1585; and he chose the name Sixtus V.[5]

During the reign of Sixtus V, the dome of St Peter's Basilica was completed;. The external dome was covered with lead and the bands were covered with bronze gilt.[6]

A building for the Vatican Library was constructed.[5]

The investment in public works included the loggia of Sixtus in the Basilica of St. John Lateran; the chapel of the Praesepe in Santa Maria Maggiore; additions and repairs to the Quirinal Palace, Lateran Palace and Vatican Palace; the erection of four obelisks (including the one in the Piazza of St Peter's; the opening of six streets; and the restoration of the aqueduct of Severus (Acqua Felice).[4]

Related pages

References

File:C o a Sisto V.svg
Coat of arms of Sixtus V
  1. Note that the first three popes are called "Xystus" in ancient records. Sixtus or Xystus was a Roman name which was Latinized from the Greek name "Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.." This name means "polished." This name is not to be confused with the common Roman name "Sextus" which means "sixth".
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-9.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Pope Sixtus V," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-9.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Template:Cite book
  5. 5.0 5.1 Template:Cite book
  6. Template:Cite book

Other websites

Template:Sister-inline

  • 15px "Pope Sixtus V". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Sixtus V
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Peretti Montalto


Preceded by
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Pope
1585–1590
Succeeded by
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