Pope Pius XII

Venerable Pope Pius XII
File:His Holiness Pope Pius XII.png
Papacy beganMarch 2, 1939
Papacy endedOctober 9, 1958
PredecessorPope Pius XI
SuccessorPope John XXIII
Personal details
Birth nameEugenio Maria Guiseppe Giovanni Pacelli
BornTemplate:Birth date
Rome, Italy
DiedOctober 9, 1958(1958-10-09) (aged 82)
Castel Gandolfo, Italy
MottoOpus Justitiae Pax (The work of justice shall be peace)
Other Popes named Pius
Template:Wikidata image

Pope Pius XII (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.; Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876October 9, 1958), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 261st Pope from 1939 to 1958.[1]

Early life

Pacelli was born on 2 March 1876 in Rome, Italy. He studied at the Capranica Seminary and the Pontifical Gregorian University. In 1895, he earned a degree in Theology.[2]


Pacelli was ordained as a priest on 2 April 1899. In 1904, he was raised to the rank of Monsignor. He worked at the Office of the Congregation of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.[2]


In 1917, Pope Benedict XV appointed him an archbishop and nuncio to Bavaria, Germany.[2]


Pope Pius XI raised Pacelli to the rank of Cardinal in December 1929.[3]

In February 1930, Cardinal Pacelli became the Vatican Secretary of State.[3]


Cardinal Pacelli was elected Pope on 2 March 1939,[2] which was his 63th birthday.

Pius XII wrote forty-one official papal letters (encylicals).

Pius XII named forty-two new cardinals.

Related pages


File:Coat of arms of Pope Pius XII.svg
The Coat of Arms of Pius XII
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Pope Pius XII", Embryo Project (2010); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Cardinal Pacelli Papal Secretary," New York Times. February 11, 1930; retrieved 2011-11-9.

Other websites


Preceded by
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Succeeded by
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