Pope Pius XI

Pope Pius XI
File:Pius PP. XI Achille Ratti 6.II.1922-10.II.1939.jpg
Papacy began6 February 1922
Papacy ended10 February 1939
PredecessorPope Benedict XV
SuccessorPope Pius XII
Personal details
Birth nameAchille Ratti
Born31 May 1857
Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire
Died10 February 1939
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
MottoRaptim Transit (It goes by swiftly)
Pax Christi in Regno Christi (The Peace of Christ in the Realm of Christ)
Other Popes named Pius
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Pope Pius XI (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.; Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found., 31 May 1857–10 February 1939), born Achille Ratti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 260th Pope from 1922 to 1939.[1]

Priest

Ratti was ordained as a priest in 1875.[2]

Father Ratti was a professor at the Padua Seminary from 1882 to 1888. He worked at Ambrosian Library of Milan from 1888 to 1911; and at the Vatican Library from 1911-1914.[2]

Bishop

In 1919, Pope Benedict XV made Ratti a Bishop of Lepanto.[3]

In 1921, Benedict named him Archbishop of Milan.[2]

Cardinal

In 1921, Ratti was made a cardinal.[4]

Pope

Cardinal Ratti was elected pope on February 6, 1922; and he chose the name Pope Pius XI.[3]

Some of his decisions were controversial. He signed the Lateran Concordat with Italy in 1929; and he signed the Reichskoncordat with Germany in 1933.[5]

Related pages

References

File:C o a Pio XI.svg
The Coat of Arms of Pius XI
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Pope Pius XI", Embryo Project (2010); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pontiff Spent His Life in Religion From His Boyhood Years," New York Times. February 10, 1939; retrieved 2011-11-9.
  4. Pius XI, a Diplomat and a Deep Student," New York Times. February 7, 1922; retrieved 2011-11-9.
  5. Flinn, Frank K. et al. (2007). "Pius XI," in Encyclopedia of Catholicism, p. 520.

Other websites

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Preceded by
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Pope
1922–1939
Succeeded by
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