Pope Innocent IV

Innocent IV
File:Inocenc IV.jpg
Papacy beganJune 25, 1243
Papacy endedDecember 7, 1254
PredecessorPope Celestine IV
SuccessorPope Alexander IV
Personal details
Birth nameSinibaldo Fieschi
Bornc. 1195
Genoa
Died16 July (1254-12-07)December 7, 1254
Naples
Other Popes named Innocent
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Pope Innocent IV (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.; c. 1195 – December 7, 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 181st Pope from June 25, 1243 until his death in 1254.[1]

Early life

Fieschi was born in Genoa.[2] The Fieschi were a noble family of Liguria.

His nephew will become Adrian V.[3]

He studied at the universities of Parma and Bologna.[2]

Cardinal

Pope Gregory IX made Fieschi a cardinal on September 18, 1227.[2]

Pope

Cardinal Fieschi was elected pope on June 25, 1243. He chose the name Innocent IV.[2] Ottobuono Fieschi was the pope's cardinal-nephew during this reign.

Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2] The central problem of his papacy was a conflict with Frederick II, who was the Holy Roman Emperor.[4]

In 1245, Pope Innocent called church leaders to the Council of Lyons in France.[5]

Innocent granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red had was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.[6]

Related pages

References

File:C o a Adriano V.svg
The Coat of Arms of Innocent IV
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-22.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Pope Innocent IV", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
  3. "Pope Adrian V", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-22.
  4. Template:Cite book
  5. Template:Cite book
  6. Template:Cite book

Other websites

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  • 15px "Pope Innocent IV". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Fieschi


Preceded by
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Pope
1243–1254
Succeeded by
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