Pope Benedict IX

Benedict IX
File:Benoit IX.jpg
Papacy beganOctober 1032 (first term)
Papacy endedJuly 1048 (third term)
PredecessorPope John XIX
Pope Sylvester III
Pope Clement II
SuccessorPope Sylvester III
Pope Gregory VI
Pope Damasus II
Personal details
Birth nameTeofilatto or Theophylactus
Bornc. 1012
Diedc. 1056
Other Popes named Benedict
Template:Wikidata image

Pope Benedict IX (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.;c. 1012–1056), born Teofilatto or Theophylactus of Tusculum, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 146th Pope from 1032 to 1045.[1] He is listed as the 148th Pope in 1045.[1] Also, he was the 151st Pope in 1047-1048.[1]

Early life

Teofilatto was born in Rome c. 1012. He was the son of Alberic III[2] of the noble Tusculum family.[3]

He was the nephew of both Pope Benedict VIII and Pope John XIX.[4]

Cardinal

John XIX raised Teofilatto to the rank of a cardinal; but the date is unknown.

Pope

In 1032, Alberic III used his money and influence to make his son the pope. This was called simony.[5] Pope Benedict chose his name in honor of his uncle, Benedict VIII.[6]

Benedict is usually recognized as having had three terms or reigns as pope

First term

Benedict's first period as pope lasted from 1032 to 1044 when a revolt in Rome forced Benedict out of the city;[7] and an antipope was elected with the name of Sylvester III.[8]

Second term

Benedict's second period as pope lasted from his return six months later to 1045 when he sold his title to John Gratianus,[7] who was then made pope with the name of Gregory VI.[9] Benedict abdicated or resigned.[10]

In 1046, there were three men with the title of pope. The problem was solved by electing a new pope with the name of Pope Clement II,[11] who died a short time later.

Third term

When the death of Clement II in 1047, Benedict IX tried to claim the papacy again, but was driven out of Rome by German troops. The timely election of Pope Damasus II became unimportant when he died 23 days later.[7]

After 1048, Benedict's importance faded;[12] and Pope Leo IX was elected in 1049.[7]

After his death

Benedict IX was buried in the Abbey of Grottaferrata c. 1056.

Related pages

References

File:C o a Innocenzo XIII.svg
The Coat of Arms of Benedict IX[13]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-3.
  2. Template:Cite book
  3. The Tusculum family are also known as the Tuscolani
  4. "Pope Benedict IX", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
  5. Template:Cite book
  6. Template:Cite book
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Template:Cite book
  8. "Antipope" (Sylvester III), Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  9. "Pope Gregory VI", Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  10. "Abdication," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2013-2-11.
  11. "Pope Clement II", Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  12. "Pope Damasus II", Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  13. Stemmi Papali, Benedetto IX (Italian); retrieved 2011-11-3

Other websites

Template:Sister-inline

  • 15px "Pope Benedict IX". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Teofillato


Preceded by
Template:Delink question hyphen-minusTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filter
Pope
1032–1044
Succeeded by
Template:Delink question hyphen-minusTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filter
Preceded by
Template:Delink question hyphen-minusTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filter
Pope
1045
Succeeded by
Template:Delink question hyphen-minusTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filter
Preceded by
Template:Delink question hyphen-minusTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filterTemplate:S-bef/filter
Pope
1047–1048
Succeeded by
Template:Delink question hyphen-minusTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filterTemplate:S-aft/filter