Pope Alexander III

Alexander III
File:B-Alexander III1.jpg
Papacy began7 September 1159
Papacy ended30 August 1181
PredecessorPope Adrian IV
SuccessorPope Lucius III
Personal details
Birth nameOrlando Bandinelli
Bornc. 1100
Siena
Died(1181-08-30)August 30, 1181
Rome
Other Popes named Alexander
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Pope Alexander III (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.; c. 1100 – 30 August 1181), born Orlando Bandinelli,[1] was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 171st Pope was Pope from 1159 to 1181.[2]

Early life

He was born in Siena. He was a member of the Bandinelli family.[3]

Cardinal

In 1150, Pope Eugene III made Bandinelli a Cardinal.[3]

Pope

Cardinal Bandinelli was elected pope on September 7, 1159; and he chose the name Alexander III.[3] His papacy was disputed by Antipope Victor IV,[4] Antipope Paschal III, Antipope Calixtus III and Antipope Innocent III.[5]

Pope Alexander was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[3]

Alexander's support for Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, did not resolve conflicts with the Henry II of England. After Becket was murdered, Alexander canonized him. [6]

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. Also known as Rolando or Roland of Siena
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-3.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Pope Alexander III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-16.
  4. Template:Cite book
  5. Template:Cite book
  6. Template:Cite book

Other websites

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  • 15px "Pope Alexander III". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
  • GCatholic, Pope Alexander III
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Bandinelli


Preceded by
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Pope
1159–1181
Succeeded by
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