Poles

Poles
Polacy
File:Matejko Christianization of Poland.jpg
Total population
c. 60 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
23x15px Poland   38,000,000[2][3][4]
  23x15px United States10,600,000[1][5][4][3]
  23x15px Brazil3,000,000[5]
  23x15px Germany2,850,000[6]
23x15px Israel1,250,000 (ancestry, passport eligible);[7] 202,300 (citizenship)[8]
  23x15px Canada1,010,705[9]
  23x15px France1,000,000[1] Template:Collapsed infobox section begin
  23x15px United Kingdom911,000[10][11]
  23x15px Argentina500,000[12]
  23x15px Belarus295,000[13]
  23x15px Russia273,000[14]
  23x15px Australia216,056[15]
  23x15px Lithuania164,000[16]
  23x15px Ukraine144,130[17]
  23x15px Ireland122,515[18]
  23x15px Norway120,000[19]
  23x15px Italy109,018[20]
  23x15px Sweden75,323[21]
  23x15px Belgium70,600[14]
  23x15px Spain70,606[22]
  23x15px Austria69,898[23]
  23x15px Netherlands60,000[14]
  23x15px Latvia44,783[24]
  23x15px Denmark37,876[25]
  23x15px Kazakhstan34,057[26]
  23x15px South Africa30,000[27]
  23x15px Czech Republic20,305[28]
  23x15px Paraguay16,748[29]
  23x15px United Arab Emirates14,500[14]
  23x15px Greece14,145
  23x15px Iceland10,540[30]
  23x15px Venezuela9,000[31]
  23x15px Peru7,000[32]
  23x15px Hungary5,730[33]
  23x15px Moldova4,174[34]
  23x15px Romania3,671[35]
  23x15px Slovakia3,084[36]
  23x15px Finland3,000[37]
  23x15px New Zealand2,166[38]
  23x15px Estonia1,747[39] Template:Collapsed infobox section end
Languages
Polish • Kashubian • Silesian
Religion
Christianity: Predominantly Roman Catholicism[40]
Related ethnic groups
Other West Slavs: Silesians, Kashubs, Czechs, Slovaks, Moravians, Sorbs, Hanoverian Wends(†), Obotrites(†), Veleti(†)

The Polish people, or Poles (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found., singular Polak) are a Slavic nation and ethnic group native to Poland, they are bounded by the Polish language, which belongs to the Lechitic subgroup of west slavic languages of Central Europe, living mainly in Poland. Their religion is mainly Roman Catholic. They use modified Latin alphabet.

There are about 60 million Poles in the world. Besides Poland, many live in the United States, Australia, Brazil, Germany, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, Ukraine and elsewhere.

The most famous Poles are Pope John Paul II, Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Nicolaus Copernicus and Lech Wałęsa.

Polish names have an ending "-ski", "-ska", "-cki" or "-cka".

The most popular Polish surnames are Nowak and Kowalski.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 37.5–38 million in Poland and 21–22 million ethnic Poles or people of ethnic Polish extraction elsewhere. "Polmap. Rozmieszczenie ludności pochodzenia polskiego (w mln)" Template:Webarchive
  2. Central Statistical Office (January 2013). "The national-ethnic affiliation in the population – The results of the census of population and housing in 2011" (PDF) (in Polish). p. 1. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Template:Cite book
  4. 4.0 4.1 Template:Cite book
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". Wspolnota-polska.org.pl. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  6. Herwartz, Christoph (16 June 2016). "Polen in Deutschland: Verstecken war gestern". Die Zeit.
  7. "ynet דרכון פולני בזכות הסבתא מוורשה - כלכלה". ynet. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  8. "Jews, by Country of Origin and Age". Statistical Abstract of Israel (in English and Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  9. "Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey".
  10. "Polish diaspora in numbers" (in Polish). association "Polish Community". Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  11. British Office for National Statistics, [1]
  12. "Clarín.com – La ampliación de la Unión Europea habilita a 600 mil argentinos para ser comunitarios". Edant.clarin.com. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  13. "Changes in the populations of the majority ethnic groups". Belstat.gov.by. Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Wspólnota Polska. "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". Wspolnota-polska.org.pl. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  15. [2][dead link]
  16. alkas, VšĮ Tėviškės. "A. Butkus. Lietuvos gyventojai tautybės požiūriu - Alkas.lt".
  17. "Ukrainian Census 2001". 2001.ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  18. "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office" (PDF). Cso.ie. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  19. "- 120.000 polakker i Norge". Aftenposten. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  20. "ISTAT" (PDF). Istat.it. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  21. "Befolkning efter födelseland och ursprungsland 31 december 2012" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  22. "Instituto Nacional de Estadística Population Figures at 1 January 2014 – Migration Statistics 2013" (PDF). Ine.es. Retrieved 2017-08-21.
  23. [3][dead link]
  24. "On key provisional results of Population and Housing Census 2011". Csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  25. "Statistics Denmark:FOLK1: Population at the first day of the quarter by sex, age, ancestry, country of origin and citizenship". Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  26. "Kazakhstan National Census 2009". Stat.kz.[permanent dead link]
  27. Wspólnota Polska. "Stowarzyszenie Wspólnota Polska". Wspolnota-polska.org.pl. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  28. https://www.czso.cz/documents/11292/27914491/1612_c01t14.pdf/4bbedd77-c239-48cd-bf5a-7a43f6dbf71b?version=1.0
  29. "Ante la crisis, Europa y el mundo miran a Latinoamérica" (in Spanish). Acercando Naciones. 2012. Archived from the original on 2015-05-18.
  30. [4] Template:Webarchive
  31. "Country – Venezuela : Joshua Project". Joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  32. Erwin Dopf. "Migraciones europeas minoritarias". Espejodelperu.com.pe. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  33. "2011 Census of Hungary" (PDF). Ksh.hu. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  34. 2004 Moldovan census, including Transnistria
  35. 2002 Romanian census.
  36. "Statistics" (PDF). Portal.statistics.sk. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  37. "Placówki Dyplomatyczne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej". Helsinki.polemb.net. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  38. "2013 Census ethnic group profiles". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  39. "Population by ethnic nationality". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  40. GUS, Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludnosci 2011: 4.4. Przynależność wyznaniowa (National Survey 2011: 4.4 Membership in faith communities) p. 99/337 (PDF file, direct download 3.3 MB). Template:Catalog lookup linkScript error: No such module "check isxn". Retrieved 27 December 2014.