Palace of Westminster

Palace of Westminster
The Palace of Westminster with Elizabeth Tower and Westminster Bridge, viewed from across the River Thames
LocationCity of Westminster, London, England
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Area112,476 m2 (1,210,680 sq ft) [1] (internal)
Demolished1834 (due to fire)
Architectural style(s)Perpendicular Gothic Revival
OwnerQueen Elizabeth II in right of the Crown[2]
Official name: Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church
Criteriai, ii, iv
Designated1987 (11th session)
Reference no.426
CountryUnited Kingdom
Listed Building – Grade I
Official name: Houses of Parliament / The Palace of Westminster
Designated5 February 1970
Reference no.1226284[3]
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File:Westminster Hall edited.jpg
Westminster Hall and its hammerbeam roof, in the early 19th century. The Hall is the only original piece of Gothic architecture in the Westminster Palace. The rest is Gothic revival.

The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace, in London, is where the two Houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom meet.

In 1605, Guy Fawkes attempted to blow the Palace up. He was caught and later executed. This was called the Gunpowder Plot, and is celebrated on 5 November every year.

The original building was used as a palace and home to the Parliament of England. After a fire in 1834, the building was used as a Parliament building.

Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church make up a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[4] Westminster Palace is an example of Gothic Revival architecture.[4]


  1. "Palace of Westminster: Factsheet" (PDF). Restoration and Renewal. Houses of Parliament. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  2. Template:Cite Hansard
  3. Template:NHLE
  4. 4.0 4.1 UNESCO, "Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church"; retrieved 2012-4-21.

Other websites


Template:World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom