Osnabrück (district)

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Osnabrück
250x250px
Country23x15px Germany
StateLower Saxony
CapitalOsnabrück
Area
 • TotalTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
Population
 (2003)
 • Total357,300
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationOS
Websitehttp://www.lkos.de

Osnabrück (IPA: [ɔsnaˈbʁʏk]) is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is near the districts of Emsland, Cloppenburg, Vechta and Diepholz, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (districts of Minden-Lübbecke, Herford, Gütersloh, Warendorf and Steinfurt) and the City of Osnabrück.

History

The district is almost the same as the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück which existed until 1803. When the clerical states of Germany were dissolved, Osnabrück became part of the Kingdom of Hanover, which in turn fell to Prussia in 1866. The district was established in 1972 by merging four old districts (Osnabrück, Melle, Bersenbrück, Wittlage).

Geography

The landscape is characterised by two mountain chains: the Wiehengebirge in the north and the northern foothills of the Teutoburg Forest in the south. These chains go around the City of Osnabrück.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows the Bennoturm ("Benno's Tower") of Bad Iburg, which served as the fortress of the bishops until 1673. There is also a wheel displayed in the coat of arms, which is the heraldic symbol of the City of Osnabrück.

Cities and municipalities

Cities Free municipalities Samtgemeinden
  1. Bad Iburg
  2. Bramsche
  3. Dissen
  4. Georgsmarienhütte
  5. Melle
  1. Bad Essen
  2. Bad Laer
  3. Bad Rothenfelde
  4. Belm
  5. Bissendorf
  6. Bohmte
  7. Glandorf
  8. Hagen
  9. Hasbergen
  10. Hilter
  11. Ostercappeln
  12. Wallenhorst
  1. Badbergen
  2. Menslage
  3. Nortrup
  4. Quakenbrück1, 2
  1. Alfhausen
  2. Ankum
  3. Bersenbrück1, 2
  4. Eggermühlen
  5. Gehrde
  6. Kettenkamp
  7. Rieste
  1. Berge
  2. Bippen
  3. Fürstenau1, 2
  1. Merzen
  2. Neuenkirchen1
  3. Voltlage
1seat of the Samtgemeinde; 2 town

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