Ordino

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Ordino
An Ordino street and Casamanya mountain in the background
An Ordino street and Casamanya mountain in the background
Template:Infobox settlement/columns
Ordino parish, in red, in Andorra
Ordino parish, in red, in Andorra
CountryAndorra
CapitalOrdino
VillagesTemplate:Comma separated entries
Government
 • MayorJ. Àngel Mortés Pons
Area
 • TotalTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
Elevation
Template:Infobox settlement/metric
Population
 (2015)[2]
 • Total4,687
 • DensityTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
Demonym(s)ordinenc, ordinenca
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
AD300
ISO 3166 codeAD-05
WebsiteOfficial website

Ordino is one of the parishes of Andorra. It is the most northern parish of the country. Ordino is also the name of the main town of the parish. In the parish is the Parc Natural de Sorteny ("Sorteny Natural Park"), the largest nature area of Andorra.

History

Ordino is known for the several places where the iron ore was melted between the XVII and the XIX centuries. Besides being the industrial centre of Andorra, Ordino is considered the cultural centre of Andorra. Here Antoni Fiter i Rossell wrote the Manual Digest (1748), called the "Bible of Andorra," which tells the history, the government and the Andorran customs.[3]

Geography

The town of Ordino, the capital of the parish, is at 1,298 m (4,259 ft) above sea level. Most of the parish is in the valley of the Valira del Nord (or Valira d'Ordino) river, in the northwest of the country.

Ordino borders with France (Ariège department) to the north, with the Canillo parish to the east, the Encamp parish to the southeast and the La Massana parish to the south and the west.

Some of the highest mountains of Andorra are in the Ordino parish; some of them are:

  • Pic de l'Estanyó, 2,915 m (9,564 ft) high
  • Pic de la Serrera, 2,913 m (9,557 ft) high
  • Pic de Font Blanca, 2,904 m (9,528 ft) high

The town of Ordino is on the slopes of the Pic de Casamanya (or just Casamanya); it is 2,752 m (9,029 ft) high.

The main river in the parish is the Valira del Nord (or Valira d'Ordino) river, one of the two branches that form the Valira river.

Population

The parish had a population, in 2015 of 4,687 inhabitants,[2] for a population density of 52.5 persons/km².

Evolution of the population in Ordino[4] <timeline> Colors=

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 bar:1981 text:1981
 bar:1986 text:1986
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 bar:2015 text:2015

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 color:barra width:30 align:left
 bar:1981 from:0 till: 761
 bar:1986 from:0 till: 1096
 bar:1991 from:0 till: 1582
 bar:1996 from:0 till: 1931
 bar:2001 from:0 till: 2366
 bar:2006 from:0 till: 3467
 bar:2011 from:0 till: 4322
 bar:2015 from:0 till: 4687

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Change in population
19811986199119962001200620112015
7611,0961,5821,9312,3663,4674,3224,687

Villages

There are other villages and hamlets besides the main town of Ordino in the parish:

No. Town Population[5]
(2015)
Altitude[6]
(m)
Notes[6]
1 Ansalonga 59 1,331 It is on the left side of the Valira d'Ordino (or Valira del Nord) river.
2 Arans 217 1,385 It is on the right side of the Valira d'Ordino (or Valira del Nord) river.
3 El Serrat 186 1,539 It is main centre of the Ordino valley; here the iron ore was transformed in steel.
4 La Cortinada 809 1,335 It is along the Valira d'Ordino (or Valira del Nord) river.
5 Llorts 162 1,413 It is on the right side of the Valira d'Ordino river.
6 Ordino 2,969 1,298 The capital of the parish.
7 Segudet 45 1,327 Other name: Segudet.
It is on the right side of the Cegudet river, a left tributary of the Valira d'Ordino river.
8 Sornàs 240 1,514 It is on the left side of the Valira d'Ordino (or Valira del Nord) river.

Sites of interest

  • Auditori Nacional d'Andorra ("National Auditorium of Andorra")
  • Museu Postal d'Andorral ("Postal Museum of Andorra")
  • Museu de la Miniatura ("Miniature Museum")
  • Sant Martí de la Cortinada, a Romanesque church in La Cortinada, north of Ordino.
  • Valle de Sorteny Natural Park, the largest natural park in Andorra.
  • Vallnord, a ski/snowboard resort in the Pyrenees mountains; the Arcalís sector is in the Ordino parish.

Gallery

References

  1. "Composició del Comú". Comú de Sant Julià de Lòria (in Catalan). Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Population by parish". Department d'Estadísticas - Govern d'Andorra. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  3. "Ordino routes". Hiking in Andorra. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  4. "Population by parish (1981-2016)". Department d'Estadísticas - Govern d'Andorra. Retrieved 21 Agosto 2017. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. "Population by town". Department d'Estadísticas - Govern d'Andorra. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Enciclopèdia Catalana" (in Catalan). Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana. Retrieved 24 December 2016.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)