Oracle Corporation is an American company. It makes hardware systems and enterprise software (software for businesses) such as database management systems. Its headquarters are in Redwood City, California, United States. The founder is Lary Ellison. In 2010, it employed 105,000 people worldwide. It has increased in size through natural growth and by buying other companies. By 2007 Oracle had the third-largest software revenue, after Microsoft and IBM.
In January 2010 it bought Sun Microsystems.
The corporation has arguably become best known for its flagship product, the Oracle Database. The company also builds tools for database development and systems of middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software.
As of 2013[update], Larry Ellison, a co-founder of Oracle Corporation, has served as Oracle's CEO throughout its history. He also served as the Chairman of the Board until his replacement by Jeffrey O. Henley in 2004. On August 22, 2008 the Associated Press ranked Ellison as the top-paid chief executive in the world.
When the company started, computer database technology was only starting. Ellison had read a 1970 paper written by Edgar F. Codd on relational database management systems (RDBMS). He had also heard about the IBM System R database from an article in the IBM Research Journal by Ed Oates. System R was also based on Codd's theories. Ellison wanted to make Oracle's product compatible with System R, but IBM stopped this by keeping the error codes for their DBMS (DataBase Management System) secret. Ellison co-founded Oracle Corporation in 1977 with Bob Miner and Ed Oates under the name Software Development Laboratories (SDL). In 1979 SDL changed its name to Relational Software, Inc. (RSI). In 1982, RSI renamed itself Oracle Systems to make the relation to its main product, Oracle Database, clearer. At this stage Bob Miner was the company's senior programmer. In 1995, Oracle Systems Corporation changed its name to Oracle Corporation.
Part of Oracle Corporation's early success came from using the C programming language to install its products. This made changing the setup to different operating systems (most of which support C) easier.
- Oracle SEC Filings, see form 10k dated 10-K 07/01/2010
Verberne, Balder (2008-08-07). "Software Top 100: Highlights". Software Top 100 website. Software Top 100 Foundation. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
The Top 10 saw little changes in 2008. [...] All companies in the first 7 positions stayed in their seats. Microsoft leads the Software Top 100 as it has done for at least ten years in a row. The company extended its lead over IBM and Oracle. [...] Oracle –number 3- stayed on its acquisitive path and grew revenues with 14%.
- NY Daily News: Oracle's Larry Ellison grabs top spot on best-paid list
- CEOWorld Magazine:University of Illinois drop out Lawrence J. Ellison of Oracle: highest paid Technology CEO
- , page 1. Retrieved 2010-07-16
- Codd, E.F. (1970). "A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks". Communications of the ACM 13 (6): 377–387. doi:10.1145/362384.362685. http://www.acm.org/classics/nov95/toc.html.
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- Oracle anniversary timeline, page 4. Retrieved 2008-05-15
- Oracle Systems Corporation Renamed Oracle Corporation
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