Occitan language

Template:Infobox language Occitan (Script error: No such module "IPAc-en".;[1] French pronunciation: ​[ɔk.si'tɑ̃]; Occitan: [utsiˈta]),[2] known also as Lenga d'òc by its native speakers (Occitan: [ˈleŋɡɔ ˈðɔ(k)]; Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.), is a Romance language spoken in southern France, Italy's Occitan Valleys, Monaco, and Catalonia's Val d'Aran: the regions sometimes known unofficially as Occitania.

The Occitan language took a different path from Latin than any of the official languages in the countries mentioned above. It is sometimes called Lenga d'òc (language of "Oc", French: Langue d'oc) because the word for yes is òc, as opposed to oil (oui) or in other languages. Latin had no word for yes, and this is one way to distinguish among Romance languages.

Dialects

The dialects of Occitan are:

  • Alpine (also named Vivaro-Alpine or Provençal Alpine)
  • Auvergnat
  • Gascon (including Aranese spoken in Val d'Aran, Catalonia, Spain)
  • Languedocien
  • Limousin
  • Provençal

Some of these dialect names were used in the past to name the whole language (Provençal, Limousin, Gascon).

Sources

  1. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 7th edition, 2005.
  2. Regional pronunciations: occitan = [u(t)siˈtaⁿ, u(t)siˈtɔ, ukʃiˈtɔ].

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