Northern Cyprus

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

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Independence March
File:Istiklâl Marsi instrumetal.ogg
Location of Northern Cyprus
StatusTemplate:Infobox country/status text
Capital
and largest city
North Nicosia
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Official languagesTurkish
Demonym(s)Turkish Cypriot
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
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LegislatureAssembly of the Republic
Independence from the Republic of Cyprus
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Area
• Total
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• Water (%)
2.7
Population
• 2017 estimate
326,000[1]
• 2011 census
286,257
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (117th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$3.685 billion[1]
• Per capita
$12,702[1]
CurrencyTurkish lira File:Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png (TRY)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)[2]
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+90 392
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]

Northern Cyprus officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.) (TRNC), is a partially recognised country in the northern third of the island of Cyprus. Three hundred thousand people live in its 3,335 km². Turkey is the only country which recognizes the territory as an independent republic.

Cyprus was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1570–1914. Many Turks became settlers. As the Ottoman Empire sided against the British empire in World War I, the British annexed Cyprus. In 1923 by the treaty of Lausanne Turkey gave up the island to the British Empire which in 1925 converted it to a crown colony. The British administered it from 1878 until 1960.

In 1974 some of the Greek Army supported a coup against the Archbishop and President Makarios. The Turkish army invaded Cyprus. This had the effect that over two hundred thousand Greek and Turkish Cypriots abandoned their homes and become refugees in the other part of their own country. Many settlers from mainland Turkey came from Turkey into the occupied part of the island. Some native Turkish Cypriots left the occupied part to find a better life in the U.K and other countries.

As the Turkish army stayed the possibility of a negotiated settlement became nearly impossible. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was formed in 1983. Negotiations for a unified island have been held several times without success. The standard of living in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is lower than in the Republic of Cyprus.

Other websites

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "KKTC". Turkish Ministry of Economy. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  2. "Saatler geri alınıyor!". Yeni Düzen. Retrieved 18 October 2017.