North Dakota

State of North Dakota
Flag of North Dakota State seal of North Dakota
Flag Seal
Nickname(s):
Peace Garden State,
Roughrider State, Flickertail State
Motto(s): Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
State song(s): "North Dakota Hymn"
DemonymNorth Dakotan
CapitalBismarck
Largest cityFargo
Largest metroFargo metropolitan area
AreaRanked 19th
 • Total70,762 sq mi
(183,843 km2)
 • Width211 miles (340 km)
 • Length335 miles (539 km)
 • % water2.4
 • Latitude45° 56′ N to 49° 00′ N
 • Longitude96° 33′ W to 104° 03′ W
PopulationRanked 47th
 • Total755,393 (2017 est.)[1]
 • Density11.70/sq mi  (3.83/km2)
Ranked 47th
 • Median household income$57,415[2] (25th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointWhite Butte[3][4]
3,508 ft (1069 m)
 • Mean1,900 ft  (580 m)
 • Lowest pointRed River of the North at Manitoba border[3][4]
751 ft (229 m)
Before statehoodDakota Territory
Admission to UnionNovember 2, 1889 (39th or 40th)
GovernorDoug Burgum (R)
Lieutenant GovernorBrent Sanford (R)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJohn Hoeven (R)
Kevin Cramer (R)
U.S. House delegationKelly Armstrong (R) (list)
Time zones 
 • most of stateCentral: UTC -6/-5
 • southwestMountain: UTC -7/-6
ISO 3166US-ND
AbbreviationsND, N.D., N.Dak., Nodak
Websitewww.nd.gov

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North Dakota is a state in the United States. 642,200 people lived in North Dakota in the year 2000. The capital and seat of government is Bismarck.

Geography

North Dakota is south of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, east of Montana, north of South Dakota, and west of Minnesota. Manitoba and Saskatchewan are provinces - part of Canada. Montana, South Dakota, and Minnesota are other states in the United States.

Weather

North Dakota is not close to any big bodies of water (oceans or seas). Because of this, temperatures in North Dakota are very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. In the summer, there are sometimes strong thunderstorms. These storms can have tornadoes and hail.

History

File:Sakakawea-statue-bismarck-nd-2004.jpg
Statue of Sakakawea (Sacagawea), the Shoshone Native American woman who guided Lewis and Clark when they mapped the Missouri River

Before European people came, Native American people lived in the area now called North Dakota. One important tribe was the Mandan.

North Dakota was one of the last US states to be settled. (To have people go there to make homes and live.) On November 2, 1889, North Dakota (and South Dakota) became part of the United States.

Economy

Most of the economy is based on agriculture. The most important agricultural crops are durum, a type of wheat, which is grown all across the state. In the Red River Valley, there is more rain, and maize (corn) and sugar beets are grown as well. In the Badlands, there is less rain, and more cattle are raised than crops.

North Dakota has the only bank in the United States that is owned by the state. The Bank of North Dakota is where all of the money from all government agencies is held. Most banks in the United States are guaranteed by the FDIC (acronym for Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.) The FDIC guarantees that people will not lose money if a bank fails. But the Bank of North Dakota is insured by the state of North Dakota.

Related pages

References

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  4. 4.0 4.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
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