Nintendo Entertainment System

Nintendo Entertainment System
Top: Nintendo Entertainment System with controller
Bottom: Nintendo Family Computer (also known as Famicom)
Also known asNintendo Family Computer (Japan)
TypeVideo game console
GenerationThird generation
Release dateLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:CountryData' not found.Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:CountryData' not found.
Introductory price¥34,800 (Japan)
$299.00 (US Deluxe Set)
DiscontinuedLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:CountryData' not found.
Units soldWorldwide: 61.91 million
Japan: 19.35 million
North America: 34.00 million
Europe & Australia: 8.56 million[1]
MediaROM cartridge ("Game Pak")b[›]
CPURicoh 2A03 8-bit processor (MOS Technology 6502 core)
Controller input2 controller portsc[›]
1 expansion slot
Best-selling gameSuper Mario Bros. (pack-in), 40.23 million (as of 1999)[2]
Super Mario Bros. 3, 18 million (as of July 27, 2008)[3]
Super Mario Bros. 2
(10 million)[4]
PredecessorColor TV Game
SuccessorSuper Nintendo Entertainment System

The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) also known as the Family Computer or Famicom in Japan is the first video game console made by Nintendo in Japan, Europe, the United States. It came out in 1985 in the United States and was very popular.

The controller for the NES was different from the joysticks that older consoles had. It had a D-pad button, that could go up, down, left, or right. It also had A, B, Select, and Start buttons. The NES could use up to two controllers for multiplayer games. There were also other types of controllers that could be used with the NES.

Some famous games for the NES are Super Mario Bros., The Legend of Zelda, Metroid, Mega Man, Castlevania, Donkey Kong, and Final Fantasy. There have been many sequels made to these games and they are still enjoyed today. Nintendo discontinued (stopped making and selling) the NES in 1995.

Technical details

The CPU (Central Processing Unit) in the NES is called MOS 6502 and is an 8-bit CPU. The chip that contains the CPU also contains other electronics that generate sound for games and help with some other things. There are two different versions of the chip called 2A03 and 2A07 that are used in different regions of the world (2A03 works with NTSC TVs, 2A07 with PAL TVs). It was made by a company called Ricoh.

The NES uses a chip called the PPU (Picture Processing Unit) to draw graphics on the TV. It has two different versions called 2C02 (for NTSC TVs) and 2C07 (for PAL TVs). It was also made by Ricoh.

Related pages


  1. "Consolidated Sales Transition by Region". Nintendo. 2010-01-27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-14. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
  2. "Best-Selling Video Games". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 2006-03-17. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "Super Mario Bros voted greatest computer game ever". The Daily Telegraph. 2008-07-27. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  4. Goss, Patrick. "The games that sold consoles". MSN. Archived from the original on 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2011-09-24.

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