Niger

Republic of Niger
République du Niger (French)
Jamhuriyar Nijar Template:Ha icon
Template:Infobox country/imagetable
Motto: "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès"  (French)
"Fraternity, Work, Progress"
Location of  Niger  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Niger  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Niamey
Official languagesFrench
National languagesHausa, Fulfulde, Gulmancema, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamasheq
Demonym(s)Nigerien (Script error: No such module "IPAc-en". or Script error: No such module "IPAc-en".)[1][2]
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
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Independence 
from France
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Area
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (22nd)
• Water (%)
0.02
Population
• July 2011 estimate
15,730,754[3] (63rd)
• 2001 census
10,790,352
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$11.783 billion[4] (140th)
• Per capita
$781[4] (175th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$6.286 billion[4] (143rd)
• Per capita
$417[4] (177th)
Gini (1995)50.5
high
HDI (2011)Increase 0.295
low · 186th
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (not observed)
Driving sideright[5]
Calling code227
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD.ne

Niger is a country in western Africa. The capital is Niamey, and the official language is French. It is surrounded by Algeria and Libya to the north, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, and Burkina Faso and Mali to the west. Niger is landlocked, meaning it has no coastline. Niger gets its name from the Niger River, whose name possibly comes from the Berber word "River of Rivers".[6]

The Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire both had land in what is now Niger. Later France controlled the land that is now Niger. Niger has a population, or the number of people living in an area, of 15,306,252 and an area of 1,267,000 square kilometres. Much of Niger is desert.

After a military coup in 2010, Niger is now a democratic, multi-party state. Most of the people live in rural areas, and have little access to advanced education.

Geography

Niger is on the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. Niger's area is 1,267,000 square kilometres (489,191 sq mi) of which 300 square kilometres (116 sq mi) is water. It is the world's twenty-second largest country. Niger borders seven countries. The longest border is with Nigeria to the south.

The lowest point is the Niger River, with an elevation of 200 metres (656 ft). The highest point is Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès in the Aïr Mountains at 2,022 m (6,634 ft).

Cities

This table shows cities with a population over 10,000, according to 2001 census.

City Census division Population
2001[7]
Position[8]
Abalak Tahoua 12,764 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Agadez Agadez 78,289 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Aguié Maradi 11,475 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Arlit Agadez 69,435 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Birni Ngaouré Dosso 10,775 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Birni Nkonni Tahoua 44,663 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Dakoro Maradi 18,875 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Diffa Diffa 23,409 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Dogondoutchi Dosso 29,244 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Dosso Dosso 43,561 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Filingué Tillabéri 11,661 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Gaya Dosso 28,385 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Gouré Zinder 13,422 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Guidan Roumji Maradi 10,744 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Illéla Tahoua 15,805 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Kollo Tillabéri 10,533 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Madaoua Tahoua 22,175 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Magaria Zinder 17,776 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Maïné-Soroa Diffa 10,176 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Maradi Maradi 148,017 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Matameye Zinder 17,930 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Mirria Zinder 19,161 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Nguigmi Diffa 15,922 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Niamey Niamey Capital District 707,951 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Say Tillabéri 10,502 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Tahoua Tahoua 73,002 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Tânout Zinder 15,779 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Tchirozérine Agadez 10,032 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Téra Tillabéri 19,508 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Tessaoua Maradi 31,667 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Tillabéri Tillabéri 16,683 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Zinder Zinder 170,575 Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.

Climate

Niger's subtropical climate is mainly very hot and dry. Much of it is covered by desert. In the extreme south there is a tropical climate on the edges of the Niger River basin. The land is mostly desert plains and sand dunes. There is flat to rolling savanna in the south and hills in the north.

Education

The literacy rate (the amount of the adult population who can read or write) of Niger is among the lowest in the world. In 2005 it was estimated to be only 28.7% (42.9% male and 15.1% female).[9] Primary education in Niger is required for six years.[10] The primary school enrollment and attendance rates are low, particularly for girls.[10] Children are often made to work rather than attend school. This is particularly true during planting or harvest periods.

Related pages

References

  1. "Merriam-Webster Dictionary".
  2. "Niger - Definition of Niger in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.
  3. INS Niger (French)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Niger". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  5. Which side of the road do they drive on? Brian Lucas. August 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  6. Template:Cite book
  7. Population figures from citypopulation.de, citing (2001) Institut National de la Statistique du Niger.
  8. fallingrain.com.
  9. "Africa :: Niger — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Niger". 2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor. Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor (2002). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

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