Names of God in Judaism

Part of a series on
File:Star of David.svg File:Lukhot Habrit.svg File:Menora.svg
Judaism
Category
Jewish religious movements

Orthodox (Haredi

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapHasidic
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapModern)

Conservative

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapReform

Reconstructionist

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapRenewal
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapHumanistic
Jewish philosophy

Principles of faith

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKabbalah
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapMessiah
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapEthics

Chosenness

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapNames of God
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapMusar
Religious texts

Tanakh (Torah

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapNevi'im
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKetuvim)

Ḥumash

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapSiddur
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapPiyutim
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapZohar

Rabbinic literature (Talmud

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapMidrash
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTosefta)
Religious Law

Mishneh Torah

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTur

Shulchan Aruch

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapMishnah Berurah

Kashrut

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTzniut
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTzedakah
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapNiddah
  4. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapNoahide laws
Holy cities

Jerusalem

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapSafed
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapHebron
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTiberias
Important figures

Abraham

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapIsaac
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapJacob

Moses

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapAaron
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapDavid
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapSolomon

Sarah

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapRebecca
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapRachel
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapLeah
Rabbinic sages
Jewish life cycle

Brit

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapPidyon haben
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapBar/Bat Mitzvah

Marriage

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapBereavement
Religious roles

Rabbi

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapRebbe
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapPosek
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrap Hazzan/Cantor

Dayan

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapRosh yeshiva
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapMohel
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKohen/Priest
Religious buildings & institutions

Synagogue

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapBeth midrash
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapMikveh

Sukkah

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapChevra kadisha

Holy Temple / Tabernacle

Jewish education

Yeshiva

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKollel
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapCheder
Religious articles

Sefer Torah

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTallit
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTefillin
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTzitzit
  4. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKippah

Mezuzah

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapHanukiah/Menorah
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapShofar

4 Species

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKittel
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapGartel
Jewish prayers and services

Shema

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapAmidah
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapAleinu
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKaddish
  4. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapMinyan

Birkat Hamazon

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapShehecheyanu
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapHallel

Havdalah

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapTachanun
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapKol Nidre
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapSelichot
Judaism & other religions

Christianity

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapIslam
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrapJudeo-Christian
Abrahamic faiths
Related topics

Antisemitism

  1. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrap The Holocaust
  2. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrap Israel
  3. REDIRECT Vorlage:·wrap Zionism

In Judaism, God is known by many names. The most important of these names is the Tetragrammaton, or "Four-lettered word": YHVH, YHWH, or י - ה וה. Jews are not allowed to say this name, and instead say Adonai. Even Adonai is only used by some Jews in prayer. Most Jews would refer to God as Hashem, or "The Name". Jews are not allowed to erase the Tetragrammaton, so they rarely write it down outside of their most holy books, such as the Torah.

Other names include Elohim, El, Shaddai, Tzeva-ot, ‘Elyon, and Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh which are respectively pronounced by observant Jews as Elokim, Kayl, Shakkai, Tzeva-Kot.

Certain names, such as Shalom, are pronounced as written, but when written one letter, in this case the last letter, is omitted. The last of the above "other" list is often said as Ek-yeh Asher Ek-yeh.

Other Jewish names of (or references) to God include

  • Emet (Truth)
  • Tzur Yisrael (The Rock of Israel)
  • Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak, v'Elohei Yaacov (God of Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacob)
  • Ehiyeh sh'Ehiyeh (I Am That I Am)
  • Avinu Malkeinu (Our Father, our King)
  • Ro'eh Yisrael (Shepherd of Israel)
  • Ha-Kadosh, Baruch Hu (The Holy One, Blessed be He)
  • Melech ha-Melachim (The King of Kings)
  • Makom (literally, "the place"; meaning "The Omnipresent")
  • Magen Avraham (Shield of Abraham)
  • Shalom: of Peace
  • YHWH-Jireh: The Lord will provide (Genesis 22:13, 14).
  • YHWH-Rapha: The Lord that healeth (Exodus 15:26).
  • YHWH-Nissi: The Lord our Banner (Exodus 17:8-15).
  • YHWH-Shalom: The Lord our Peace (Judges 6:24).
  • YHWH-Ra-ah: The Lord my Shepherd (Psalms 23:1).
  • YHWH-Tsidkenu: The Lord our Righteousness (Book of Jeremiah 23:6).
  • YHWH-Shammah: The Lord is present (Book of Ezekiel 48:35).