Moldova

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Republic of Moldova

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Template:Infobox country/imagetable
Location of Moldova (green) and Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Capital
and largest city
Chișinău
Official languagesRomanian a[1][2][3]
Recognised regional languagesBulgarian, Gagauz, Ukrainian
Inter-ethnic
language
Russian[4][5][6][7]
Demonym(s)Moldovan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Template:Infobox country/multirow
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the USSR
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Area
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (138th)
• Water (%)
1.4
Population
• 2014 estimate
2,913,281[8]
(excluding Transnistria)
(133rd)
• 2004 census
3,383,332[9]
(excluding Transnistria)
3,938,679[10]
(including Transnistria)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (101st)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$18.057 billion[11]
• Per capita
$5,082 [11]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$6.084 billion[11]
• Per capita
$1,712 [11]
Gini (2010) 33.0[12]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.693[13]
medium · 107th
CurrencyLeu (MDL)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+373
Patron saintSaint George
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD.md
  1. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
  2. Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Moldova is a country in Eastern Europe.[14][15]Template:Refn Its full name is the Republic of Moldova (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found., Audio file "Ro-Moldova.ogg" not found.) It used to be called Moldavia.

The official language in Moldova is the Moldovan language, which is very similar to the Romanian language. The capital of Moldova is Chișinău.

The Russian Empire took Moldova from the Ottoman Empire in 1812 and called it Bessarabia. It became independent from Romania when the Soviet Union collapsed.

The average monthly salary/wages are still low, standing at only $243 USD.[16] Moldova is an associated country for future membership in the European Union.[17]

Related pages

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Chișinău recognizes Romanian as official language". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Associated Press. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  2. Roudik, Peter (23 December 2013). "Moldova: Romanian recognized as the official language". Law Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  3. "The text of the Declaration of Independence prevails over the text of the Constitution". Constitutional Court of Moldova. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  4. "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. July 14, 2011.
  5. "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the functioning of languages on the territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016.
  6. "Ион Гучак: На русском языке свободно говорит половина молдаван". Русский Мир. October 17, 2013.
  7. "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. April 6, 2013.
  8. National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova (2 January 2015). "Preliminary results of the 2014 census". Press release. http://www.statistica.md/public/files/Recensamint/Recensamint_pop_2014/Nota_informativa_Preliminare_Recensamint_2014.pdf. 
  9. "National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova" (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  10. "2004 census in Transnistria" (in Russian). www.languages-study.com. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016". International Monetary Fund. April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  12. "World Development Indicators: Distribution of income or consumption". The World Bank. 2014.
  13. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  14. "Moldova". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  15. "Moldova". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  16. www.eltonic.com, Eltonic -. "Average salary in Moldova goes up 8.2% - Moldova Azi". Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  17. "Romania lobbies for EU entry 'perspective' for Moldova". Retrieved 8 December 2016.