Maximilien de Robespierre

Maximilien de Robespierre
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Robespierre c. 1790 (anonymous), Musée Carnavalet, Paris
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Personal details
Born
Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre

Template:Birth date
Arras, Artois, France
Died28 July 1794(1794-07-28) (aged 36)
Place de la Révolution, Paris, France
NationalityFrench
Political partyJacobin Club (1789–1794)
Other political
affiliations
The Mountain (1792–1794)
Alma materCollège Louis-le-Grand
University of Paris
ProfessionLawyer and politician
SignatureMaximilien de Robespierre's signature

Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (French: [mak.si.mi.ljɛ̃ fʁɑ̃.swa ma.ʁi i.zi.dɔʁ də ʁɔ.bɛs.pjɛʁ]; 6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) is one of the best-known leaders of the French Revolution. He was born in Arras, France and he went to school to become a lawyer and got his degree at law school. He was elected to the Estates General to help make laws for France. He fought against the French Monarchy, the death penalty, and slavery, and for democratic reforms and the people to have more power. He gained a reputation for defending the poor. His friends called him "incorruptible" for sticking to his moral values and killing his enemies. Later was elected president of the powerful Jacobin political faction.

Maximillian led the committee of public safety during 1793. Through it, he was able to execute the king. Even though Robespierre got thousands of people executed, Robespierre cared about the working class.

He executed King Louis XVI because he was convicted of treason (treason is the betrayal of ones own country). Under the advice of Robespierre the committee of public safety came to control France. The period that the Committee of Public Safety ruled France is known as “The Reign of Terror” and Maximilian Robespierre was their leader. Robespierre was caught and executed with 21 of his followers with a guillotine. The National Convention were the people who overthrew Maximilien Robespierre.

Early life

Maximilien de Robespierre was born in Arras in the old French province of Artois. His family has been traced back to the 12th century in Picardy; some of his ancestors in the male line worked as notaries in Carvin near Arras from the beginning of the 17th century.[1] It has been suggested that he was of Irish descent, his surname possibly a corruption of "Robert Speirs".[2]

References

  1. "Généalogie de Robespierre". Archived from the original on 27 January 2006.
  2. Carr 1972, p. 10.

Other websites

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