Manuel L. Quezon

Manuel L. Quezón
File:Manuel L. Quezon (November 1942).jpg
Template:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/office
Personal details
Born
Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina

Template:Birth date
Baler, Tayabas, Spanish East Indies
(now Baler, Aurora, Philippines)
DiedAugust 1, 1944(1944-08-01) (aged 65)
Saranac Lake, New York, United States
Resting placeQuezon Memorial Circle, Quezon City, Philippines
NationalityFilipino
Political partyNacionalista Party
Other political
affiliations
Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Aurora Aragón
RelationsManuel L. Quezon III (grandson)
ChildrenMa. Aurora Quezon
Maria Zeneida Quezon-Avanceña
Manuel L. Quezon, Jr.
Luisa Corazon Paz Quezon
Alma materColegio de San Juan de Letran
University of Santo Tomas
ProfessionLawyer, Soldier
SignatureManuel L. Quezon's signature
Military service
Allegiance23x15px Philippines
Branch/servicePhilippine Revolutionary Army
Philippine Commonwealth Army
Years of service1899–1900
1941–1944
RankMajor
Battles/warsPhilipine-American War
World War II

Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines. Quezón is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901).

Quezón was the first Senate president elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election, and the first president to be re-elected. He is known as the "Father of the National Language".

During his presidency, Quezón tackled the problem of landless peasants in the countryside. He also reorganized the islands's military defenses, planned to reorganize the government, promotion of settlement and development in Mindanao, tried to end foreign control over Philippine trade and commerce, proposals for land reform and the tackling of graft and corruption within the government. Quezón set up a government-in-exile in the US when World War II started and the Philippines were threatened with a Japanese invasion. During his exile in the US, Manuel Quezón died of tuberculosis in Saranac Lake, New York.