Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award

File:Jrobinson.jpg
Jackie Robinson, the first winner in 1947. The award was later named after Robinson

In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is given each year to one player from each league as voted on by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The award was start in 1940 by the Chicago chapter of the BBWAA. They selected a winner every year from 1940 through 1946.[1] The award became national in 1947; Jackie Robinson, the Brooklyn Dodgers' first baseman, won the first award. One award was presented for both leagues in 1947 and 1948; since 1949, the honor has been given to one player each in the National and American League. At first, the award was known as the J. Louis Comiskey Memorial Award, named after the Chicago White Sox owner of the 1930s. The award was renamed the Jackie Robinson Award in July 1987,[2] 40 years after Jackie Robinson broke the baseball color line.

Of the 128 players named Rookie of the Year, 14 have been selected for the National Baseball Hall of Fame—Jackie Robinson, five American League players, and eight others from the National League. The award has been shared twice: once by Butch Metzger and Pat Zachry of the National League in 1976; and once by John Castino and Alfredo Griffin of the American League in 1979. Members of the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers have won the most awards of any team (with 16). This is twice the total of the New York Yankees (eight), who have won the most in the American League. Fred Lynn and Ichiro Suzuki are the only two players who have been named Rookie of the Year and Most Valuable Player in the same year. Fernando Valenzuela is the only player to have won Rookie of the Year and the Cy Young Award in the same year. Sam Jethroe is the oldest player to have won the award, at age 32,[3] 33 days older than 2000 winner Kazuhiro Sasaki (also 32).[4] Buster Posey of the San Francisco Giants and Neftali Feliz of the Texas Rangers are the 2010 winners.[5][6]

Qualifications and voting

File:HideoNomo.png
Hideo Nomo won in 1995, the first of several players to win with past baseball experience in Nippon Professional Baseball.

From 1947 through 1956, each BBWAA voter had their own rules for decide who was a rookie. In 1957, the BBWAA first defined the term as someone with fewer than 75 at bats or 45 innings pitched in any Major League season before the current season.[1] This guideline was later changed to 90 at bats, 45 innings pitched, or 45 days on a Major League roster before September 1 of the last year.[1] The current rule is 130 at bats, 50 innings pitched or 45 days on the active roster of a Major League club (except for time in military service or on the disabled list) before September 1 was first used in 1971.[1][7] Since 1980, each voter names three rookies: a first-place choice is given five points, a second-place choice three points, and a third-place choice one point. The award goes to the player who receives the most total points.[1][8] Edinson Volquez received three second-place votes in 2008 even though he was not a rookie under the award's definition.[9][10]

Some baseball writers have criticized the voting in recent years because several players who played in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) have won the award. These winners include Hideo Nomo in 1995, Kazuhiro Sasaki in 2000, and Ichiro Suzuki in 2001. The current definition of rookie for the award is based only on Major League playing. Some writers feel that past NPB players are not true rookies because of their past professional playing.[11][12] This issue came up in 2003 when Hideki Matsui lost the AL award to Ángel Berroa in a close vote. Jim Souhan of the Minneapolis Star Tribune said he did not think Matsui was a rookie in 2003 because "it would be an insult to the Japanese league to pretend that experience didn't count."[11] The Japan Times had a story in 2007 on calling Daisuke Matsuzaka, Kei Igawa, and Hideki Okajima as rookies, saying "[t]hese guys aren't rookies."[12] Past winners such as Jackie Robinson, Don Newcombe, and Sam Jethroe had professional experience in the Negro Leagues.

Winners

Key

File:Cal Ripken Jr. in 1993.jpg
Cal Ripken, Jr. won in 1982, and is one of 14 Hall of Famers to win Rookie of the Year honors.
Year Links to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
^ Denotes player who is still active
* Denotes year in which the award was shared

Major Leagues combined (1947–48)

Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1947 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jackie Robinson</span> Brooklyn Dodgers 1B [13]
1948 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Alvin Dark</span> Boston Braves SS [14]

American League winners (1949–present)

File:DPedroia.jpg
Dustin Pedroia, the 2007 AL winner
Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1949 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Roy Sievers</span> St. Louis Browns OF [15]
1950 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Walt Dropo</span> Boston Red Sox 1B [16]
1951 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Gil McDougald</span> New York Yankees 3B [17]
1952 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Harry Byrd</span> Philadelphia Athletics P [18]
1953 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Harvey Kuenn</span> Detroit Tigers SS [19]
1954 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Bob Grim</span> New York Yankees P [20]
1955 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Herb Score</span> Cleveland Indians P
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[21]
1956 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Luis Aparicio</span> Chicago White Sox SS [22]
1957 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Tony Kubek</span> New York Yankees SS [23]
1958 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Albie Pearson</span> Washington Senators OF [24]
1959 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Bob Allison</span> Washington Senators OF [25]
1960 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ron Hansen</span> Baltimore Orioles SS [26]
1961 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Don Schwall</span> Boston Red Sox P
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[27]
1962 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Tom Tresh</span> New York Yankees SS [28]
1963 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Gary Peters</span> Chicago White Sox P [29]
1964 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Tony Oliva</span> Minnesota Twins OF [30]
1965 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Curt Blefary</span> Baltimore Orioles OF [31]
1966 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Tommie Agee</span> Chicago White Sox OF [32]
1967 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Rod Carew</span> Minnesota Twins 2B [33]
1968 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Stan Bahnsen</span> New York Yankees P
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[34]
1969 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Lou Piniella</span> Kansas City Royals OF [35]
1970 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Thurman Munson</span> New York Yankees C [36]
1971 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Chris Chambliss</span> Cleveland Indians 1B [37]
1972 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Carlton Fisk</span> Boston Red Sox C [38]
1973 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Al Bumbry</span> Baltimore Orioles OF [39]
1974 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Mike Hargrove</span> Texas Rangers 1B [40]
1975 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Fred Lynn</span> Boston Red Sox OF [41]
1976 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Mark Fidrych</span> Detroit Tigers P [42]
1977 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Eddie Murray</span> Baltimore Orioles DH [43]
1978 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Lou Whitaker</span> Detroit Tigers 2B [44]
1979* <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">John Castino</span> Minnesota Twins 3B [45]
1979* <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Alfredo Griffin</span> Toronto Blue Jays SS [46]
1980 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Joe Charboneau</span> Cleveland Indians OF [47]
1981 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Dave Righetti</span> New York Yankees P
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[48]
1982 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Cal Ripken, Jr.</span> Baltimore Orioles SS [49]
1983 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ron Kittle</span> Chicago White Sox OF [50]
1984 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Alvin Davis</span> Seattle Mariners 1B [51]
1985 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ozzie Guillén</span> Chicago White Sox SS [52]
1986 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">José Canseco</span> Oakland Athletics OF [53]
1987 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Mark McGwire</span> Oakland Athletics 1B [54]
1988 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Walt Weiss</span> Oakland Athletics SS [55]
1989 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Gregg Olson</span> Baltimore Orioles P [56]
1990 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Sandy Alomar Jr</span> Cleveland Indians C [57]
1991 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Chuck Knoblauch</span> Minnesota Twins 2B [58]
1992 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Pat Listach</span> Milwaukee Brewers SS [59]
1993 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Tim Salmon</span> California Angels OF [60]
1994 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Bob Hamelin</span> Kansas City Royals DH [61]
1995 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Marty Cordova</span> Minnesota Twins OF [62]
1996 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Derek Jeter</span>^ New York Yankees SS [63]
1997 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Nomar Garciaparra</span> Boston Red Sox SS [64]
1998 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ben Grieve</span> Oakland Athletics OF [65]
1999 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Carlos Beltrán</span>^ Kansas City Royals OF [66]
2000 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Kazuhiro Sasaki</span> Seattle Mariners P [67]
2001 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ichiro Suzuki</span>^ Seattle Mariners OF [68]
2002 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Eric Hinske</span>^ Toronto Blue Jays 3B [69]
2003 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ángel Berroa</span>^ Kansas City Royals SS [70]
2004 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Bobby Crosby</span>^ Oakland Athletics SS [71]
2005 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Huston Street</span>^ Oakland Athletics P
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[72]
2006 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Justin Verlander</span>^ Detroit Tigers P [73]
2007 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Dustin Pedroia</span>^ Boston Red Sox 2B [74]
2008 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Evan Longoria</span>^ Tampa Bay Rays 3B [75]
2009 Andrew Bailey^ Oakland Athletics P
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[76]
2010 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Neftali Feliz</span>^ Texas Rangers P
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[77]

National League winners (1949–present)

Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1949 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Don Newcombe</span> Brooklyn Dodgers P [78]
1950 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Sam Jethroe</span> Boston Braves OF [79]
1951 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Willie Mays</span> New York Giants OF [80]
1952 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Joe Black</span> Brooklyn Dodgers P [81]
1953 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jim Gilliam</span> Brooklyn Dodgers 2B [82]
1954 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Wally Moon</span> St. Louis Cardinals OF [83]
1955 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Bill Virdon</span> St. Louis Cardinals OF [84]
1956 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Frank Robinson</span> Cincinnati Reds OF [85]
1957 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jack Sanford</span> Philadelphia Phillies P [86]
1958 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Orlando Cepeda</span> San Francisco Giants 1B [87]
1959 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Willie McCovey</span> San Francisco Giants 1B [88]
1960 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Frank Howard</span> Los Angeles Dodgers OF [89]
1961 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Billy Williams</span> Chicago Cubs OF [90]
1962 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ken Hubbs</span> Chicago Cubs 2B [91]
1963 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Pete Rose</span> Cincinnati Reds 2B [92]
1964 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Dick Allen</span> Philadelphia Phillies 3B [93]
1965 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jim Lefebvre</span> Los Angeles Dodgers 2B [94]
1966 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Tommy Helms</span> Cincinnati Reds 2B [95]
1967 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Tom Seaver</span> New York Mets P [96]
1968 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Johnny Bench</span> Cincinnati Reds C [97]
1969 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ted Sizemore</span> Los Angeles Dodgers 2B [98]
1970 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Carl Morton</span> Montreal Expos P
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[99]
1971 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Earl Williams</span> Atlanta Braves C [100]
1972 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jon Matlack</span> New York Mets P [101]
1973 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Gary Matthews</span> San Francisco Giants OF [102]
1974 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Bake McBride</span> St. Louis Cardinals OF [103]
1975 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">John Montefusco</span> San Francisco Giants P [104]
1976* <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Butch Metzger</span> San Diego Padres P [105]
1976* <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Pat Zachry</span> Cincinnati Reds P [106]
1977 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Andre Dawson</span> Montreal Expos OF [107]
1978 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Bob Horner</span> Atlanta Braves 3B [108]
1979 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Rick Sutcliffe</span> Los Angeles Dodgers P [109]
1980 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Steve Howe</span> Los Angeles Dodgers P
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[110]
1981 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Fernando Valenzuela</span> Los Angeles Dodgers P [111]
1982 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Steve Sax</span> Los Angeles Dodgers 2B [112]
1983 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Darryl Strawberry</span> New York Mets OF [113]
1984 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Dwight Gooden</span> New York Mets P [114]
1985 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Vince Coleman</span> St. Louis Cardinals OF [115]
1986 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Todd Worrell</span> St. Louis Cardinals P
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[116]
1987 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Benito Santiago</span> San Diego Padres C [117]
1988 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Chris Sabo</span> Cincinnati Reds 3B [118]
1989 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jerome Walton</span> Chicago Cubs OF [119]
1990 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">David Justice</span> Atlanta Braves OF [120]
1991 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jeff Bagwell</span> Houston Astros 1B [121]
1992 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Eric Karros</span> Los Angeles Dodgers 1B [122]
1993 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Mike Piazza</span> Los Angeles Dodgers C [123]
1994 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Raúl Mondesí</span> Los Angeles Dodgers OF [124]
1995 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Hideo Nomo</span> Los Angeles Dodgers P [125]
1996 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Todd Hollandsworth</span> Los Angeles Dodgers OF [126]
1997 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Scott Rolen</span>^ Philadelphia Phillies 3B [127]
1998 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Kerry Wood</span>^ Chicago Cubs P [128]
1999 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Scott Williamson</span>^ Cincinnati Reds P [129]
2000 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Rafael Furcal</span>^ Atlanta Braves SS [130]
2001 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Albert Pujols</span>^ St. Louis Cardinals 3B [131]
2002 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jason Jennings</span>^ Colorado Rockies P
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[132]
2003 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Dontrelle Willis</span>^ Florida Marlins P
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[133]
2004 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Jason Bay</span>^ Pittsburgh Pirates OF [134]
2005 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ryan Howard</span>^ Philadelphia Phillies 1B [135]
2006 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Hanley Ramirez</span>^ Florida Marlins SS [136]
2007 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Ryan Braun</span>^ Milwaukee Brewers 3B [137]
2008 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Geovany Soto</span>^ Chicago Cubs C [138]
2009 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Chris Coghlan</span>^ Florida Marlins OF [139]
2010 <span data-sort-value="Script error: No such module "sortkey".">Buster Posey</span>^ San Francisco Giants C [140]

Related pages

References

General
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  • "Rookie of the Year winners". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
  • "Rookie of the Year Awards & Rolaids Relief Award Winners". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
Inline citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Vass, George (July 1998). "History of the rookie award filled with controversy". Baseball Digest 57 (7): 26. ISSN 0005-609X. 
  2. "Sports News". Associated Press. 1987-07-14. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. Goldstein, Richard (2001-06-19). "Sam Jethroe Is Dead at 83; Was Oldest Rookie of the Year". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
  4. Cour, Jim (2000-11-07). "Sasaki voted AL Rookie of the Year". Associated Press. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. Haft, Chris (2010-11-15). "Posey catches NL Rookie of the Year honors". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
  6. Sullivan, T.R. (2010-11-15). "Feliz wins AL Rookie of the Year Award". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
  7. "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
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  10. "The BBWAA and Edinson Volquez". Baseball Prospectus. 2008-11-16. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Berroa barely edges Matsui for AL honor". ESPN. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
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  14. "Alvin Dark Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  15. "Roy Sievers Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  16. "Walt Dropo Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  17. "Gil McDougald Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  18. "Harry Byrd Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  19. "Harvey Kuenn Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  20. "Bob Grim Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
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  22. "Luis Aparicio Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  23. "Tony Kubek Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  24. "Albie Pearson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  25. "Bob Allison Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  26. "Ron Hansen Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  27. "Don Schwall Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  28. "Tom Tresh Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  29. "Gary Peters Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  30. "Tony Oliva Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  31. "Curt Blefary Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  32. "Tommiee Agee Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  33. "Rod Carew Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  34. "Stan Bahnsen Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  35. "Lou Piniella Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  36. "Thurman Munson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  37. "Chris Chambliss Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  38. "Carlton Fisk Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  39. "Al Bumbry Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  40. "Mike Hargrove Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  41. "Fred Lynn Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  42. "Mark Fidrych Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  43. "Eddie Murray Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  44. "Lou Whitaker Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  45. "John Castino Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  46. "Alfredo Griffin Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  47. "Joe Charboneau Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  48. "Dave Righetti Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  49. "Cal Ripken, Jr. Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  50. "Ron Kittle Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  51. "Alvin Davis Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  52. "Ozzie Guillen Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  53. "Jose Canseco Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  54. "Mark McGwire Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  55. "Walt Weiss Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  56. "Gregg Olson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  57. "Sandy Alomar Jr. Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  58. "Chuck Knoblauch Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  59. "Pat Listach Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  60. "Tim Salmon Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  61. "Bob Hamelin Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  62. "Marty Cordova Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  63. "Derek Jeter Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  64. "Nomar Garciaparra Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  65. "Ben Grieve Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  66. "Carlos Beltran Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
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