List of IOC country codes

File:Olympic flag.svg
The flag of the international Olympic movement

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) uses three-letter abbreviation country codes to call each group of athletes that participate in the Olympic Games.[1]

Since 1952, the list of IOC country codes has changed as new countries were added. Sometimes the names of countries were changed. Some countries have had as many as four different codes.[2]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V Y Z


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
AFG 23x15px Afghanistan Afghanistan National Olympic Committee[3]
AHO 23x15px Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee ATO (1960)
NAN (1964)
ALB 23x15px Albania National Olympic Committee of Albania[4]
ALG 23x15px Algeria Comité Olympique Algérien[5] AGR (1964)
AGL (1968S)
AND 23x15px Andorra Comitè Olímpic Andorrà[6]
ANG 23x15px Angola Comité Olímpico Angolano[7]
ANT 23x15px Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Olympic Association[8]
ARG 23x15px Argentina Comité Olímpico Argentino[9]
ARM 23x15px Armenia National Olympic Committee of Armenia[10]
ARU 23x15px Aruba Comité Olímpico Arubano[11]
ASA 23x15px American Samoa American Samoa National Olympic Committee[12]
AUS 23x15px Australia Australian Olympic Committee[13] ANZ (1908, 1912)
AUT 23x15px Austria Österreichisches Olympisches Comité[14]
AZE 23x15px Azerbaijan National Olympic Committee of the Azerbaijani Republic[15]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
BAH 23x15px Bahamas Bahamas Olympic Association[16]
BAN 23x15px Bangladesh Bangladesh Olympic Association[17]
BAR 23x15px Barbados Barbados Olympic Association[18] BAD (1964)
BDI 23x15px Burundi Comité National Olympique du Burundi[19]
BEL 23x15px Belgium Comité Olympique et Interfédéral Belge[20]
BEN 23x15px Benin Comité National Olympique et Sportif Béninois[21] DAY (1964)
DAH (1968–1976)
BER 23x15px Bermuda Bermuda Olympic Association[22]
BHU 23x15px Bhutan Bhutan Olympic Committee[23]
BIH 23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina Olympic Committee of Bosnia and Herzegovina[24] BSH (1992S)
BIZ 23x15px Belize Belize Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association[25] HBR (1968–1972)
BLR 23x15px Belarus National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus[26]
BOL 23x15px Bolivia Comité Olímpico Boliviano[27]
BOT 23x15px Botswana Botswana National Olympic Committee[28]
BRA 23x15px Brazil Comitê Olímpico Brasileiro[29]
BRN 23x15px Bahrain Bahrain Olympic Committee
BRU 23x15px Brunei Brunei Darussalam National Olympic Council[30]
BUL 23x15px Bulgaria Bulgaria Olympic Committee[31]
BUR 23x15px Burkina Faso Comité National Olympique et des Sports Burkinabè[32] VOL (1972–1984)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
CAF 23x15px Central African Republic Comité National Olympique et Sportif Centrafricain[33] AFC (1968)
CAM 23x15px Cambodia National Olympic Committee of Cambodia[34] CAB (1964)
KHM (1972–1976)
CAN 23x15px Canada Canadian Olympic Committee[35]
CAY 23x15px Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Olympic Committee[36]
CGO 23x15px Republic of the Congo Comité National Olympique et Sportif Congolais[37]
CHA 23x15px Chad Comité Olympique et Sportif Tchadien[38] CHD (1964)
CHI 23x15px Chile Comité Olímpico de Chile[39] CIL (1956W, 1960S)
CHN 23x15px China Chinese Olympic Committee[40]
CIV 23x15px Côte d'Ivoire Comité National Olympique de Côte d'Ivoire[41] IVC (1964)
CML (1968)
CMR 23x15px Cameroon Comité National Olympique et Sportif du Cameroun[42]
COD 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Comité Olympique Congolais[43] COK (1968)
ZAI (1972–1996)
COK 23x15px Cook Islands Cook Islands Sports and National Olympic Committee[44]
COL 23x15px Colombia Comité Olímpico Colombiano[45]
COM 23x15px Comoros Comité Olympique et Sportif des Iles Comores[46]
CPV 23x15px Cape Verde Comité Olímpico Caboverdeano[47]
CRC 23x15px Costa Rica Comité Olímpico Nacional de Costa Rica[48] COS (1964)
CTC (1984W)
CRO 23x15px Croatia Croatian Olympic Committee[49]
CUB 23x15px Cuba Comité Olímpico Cubano[50]
CYP 23x15px Cyprus Cyprus National Olympic Committee[51]
CZE 23x15px Czech Republic Czech Olympic Committee[52]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
DEN 23x15px Denmark National Olympic Committee and Sports Confederation of Denmark[53] DAN (1960S, 1968W)
DIN (1968S)
DJI 23x15px Djibouti Comité National Olympique et Sportif Djiboutien[54]
DMA 23x15px Dominica Dominica Olympic Committee[55]
DOM 23x15px Dominican Republic Comité Olímpico Dominicano[56]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
ECU 23x15px Ecuador Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano[57]
EGY 23x15px Egypt Egyptian Olympic Committee[58] RAU (1960, 1968)
UAR (1964)
ERI 23x15px Eritrea Eritrean National Olympic Committee[59]
ESA 23x15px El Salvador Comité Olímpico de El Salvador[60] SAL (1964–1976)
ESP 23x15px Spain Comité Olímpico Español[61] SPA (1956–1964, 1968W)
EST 23x15px Estonia Estonian Olympic Committee (Eesti Olümpiakomitee)[62]
ETH 23x15px Ethiopia Ethiopian Olympic Committee[63] ETI (1960, 1968)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
FIJ 23x15px Fiji Fiji Association of Sports and National Olympic Committee[64] FIG (1960)
FIN 23x15px Finland Finnish Olympic Committee[65]
FRA 23x15px France Comité National Olympique et Sportif Français[66]
FSM 23x15px Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia National Olympic Committee[67]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
GAB 23x15px Gabon Comité Olympique Gabonais[68]
GAM 23x15px Gambia Gambia National Olympic Committee[69]
GBR 23x15px Great Britain British Olympic Association[70] GRB (1956W–1960)
GBI (1964)
GBS 23x15px Guinea-Bissau Comité Olímpico da Guiné-Bissau[71]
GEO 23x15px Georgia Georgian National Olympic Committee[72]
GEQ 23x15px Equatorial Guinea Comité National Olympique Equato-Guinéen[73]
GER 23x15px Germany Deutscher Olympischer SportBund[74] ALL (1968W)
ALE (1968S)
FRG (1980–1988)
GHA 23x15px Ghana Ghana Olympic Committee[75]
GRE 23x15px Greece Comité Olympique Hellénique[76]
GRN 23x15px Grenada Grenada Olympic Committee[77]
GUA 23x15px Guatemala Comité Olímpico Guatemalteco[78] GUT (1964)
GUI 23x15px Guinea Comité National Olympique et Sportif Guinéen[79]
GUM 23x15px Guam Guam National Olympic Committee[80]
GUY 23x15px Guyana Guyana Olympic Association[81] GUA (1960)
GUI (1964)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
HAI 23x15px Haiti Comité Olympique Haïtien[82]
HKG 23x15px Hong Kong Sports Federation and Olympic Committee of Hong Kong, China[83] HOK (1960–1968)
HON 23x15px Honduras Comité Olímpico Hondureño[84]
HUN 23x15px Hungary Hungarian Olympic Committee[85] UNG (1956W, 1960S)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
INA 23x15px Indonesia Komite Olimpiade Indonesia[86] INS (1960)
IND 23x15px India Indian Olympic Association[87]
IRI 23x15px Iran National Olympic Committee of the Islamic Republic of Iran[88] IRN (1956–1988)
IRA (1968W)
IRL 23x15px Ireland Olympic Council of Ireland[89]
IRQ 23x15px Iraq National Olympic Committee of Iraq[90] IRK (1960, 1968)
ISL 23x15px Iceland National Olympic and Sports Association of Iceland[91] ICE (1960W, 1964S)
ISR 23x15px Israel Olympic Committee of Israel[92]
ISV 23x15px United States Virgin Islands Virgin Islands Olympic Committee[93]
ITA 23x15px Italy Comitato Olimpico Nazionale Italiano[94]
IVB 23x15px British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Olympic Committee[95]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
JAM 23x15px Jamaica Jamaica Olympic Association[96]
JOR 23x15px Jordan Jordan Olympic Committee[97]
JPN 23x15px Japan Japanese Olympic Committee[98] GIA (1956W, 1960S)
JAP (1960W)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
KAZ 23x15px Kazakhstan National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan[99]
KEN 23x15px Kenya National Olympic Committee Kenya[100]
KGZ Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan[101]
KIR 23x15px Kiribati Kiribati National Olympic Committee[102]
KOR 23x15px South Korea Korean Olympic Committee[103] COR (1956W, 1960S, 1968S, 1972S)
KSA 23x15px Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Olympic Committee[104] ARS (1968–1976)
SAU (1980–1984)
KUW 23x15px Kuwait Kuwait Olympic Committee[105]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
LAO 23x15px Laos National Olympic Committee of Lao[106]
LAT 23x15px Latvia Latvian Olympic Committee[107]
LBA 23x15px Libya Libyan Olympic Committee[108] LYA (1964)
LBY (1968W)
LBR 23x15px Liberia Liberia National Olympic Committee[109]
LCA 23x15px Saint Lucia St Lucia Olympic Committee[110]
LES 23x15px Lesotho Lesotho National Olympic Committee[111]
LBN 23x15px Lebanon Lebanese Olympic Committee[112] LEB (1960W, 1964S), LIB (until Oct 2017)
LIE 23x15px Liechtenstein Liechtensteinischer Olympischer Sportverband[113] LIC (1956W, 1964S, 1968W)
LTU 23x15px Lithuania National Olympic Committee of Lithuania[114] LIT (1992W)
LUX 23x15px Luxembourg Comité Olympique et Sportif Luxembourgeois[115]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
MAD 23x15px Madagascar Comité Olympique Malgache[116] MAG (1964)
MAR 23x15px Morocco Comité National Olympique Marocain[117] MRC (1964)
MAS 23x15px Malaysia Olympic Council of Malaysia[118] MAL (1964–1988)
MAW 23x15px Malawi Malawi Olympic Committee[119]
MDA 23x15px Moldova Comité National Olympique de la République de Moldova[120] MLD (1994)
MDV 23x15px Maldives Maldives Olympic Committee[121]
MEX 23x15px Mexico Comité Olímpico Mexicano[122]
MGL 23x15px Mongolia Mongolian National Olympic Committee[123] MON (1968W)
MHL 23x15px Marshall Islands Marshall Islands National Olympic Committee[124]
MKD 23x15px Macedonia Olympic Committee of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia[125]
MLI 23x15px Mali Comité National Olympique et Sportif du Mali[126]
MLT 23x15px Malta Maltese Olympic Committee[127] MAT (1960–1964)
MNE 23x15px Montenegro Montenegrin Olympic Committee[128]
MON 23x15px Monaco Comité Olympique Monégasque[129]
MOZ 23x15px Mozambique Comité Olímpico Nacional de Moçambique[130]
MRI 23x15px Mauritius Mauritius Olympic Committee[131]
MTN 23x15px Mauritania Comité National Olympique et Sportif Mauritanien[132]
MYA 23x15px Myanmar Myanmar Olympic Committee[133] BIR (1960, 1968–1988)
BUR (1964)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
NAM 23x15px Namibia Namibia National Olympic Committee[134]
NCA 23x15px Nicaragua Comité Olímpico Nicaragüense [135] NCG (1964)
NIC (1968)
NED 23x15px Netherlands Nederlands Olympisch Comité/Nederlandse Sport Federatie[136] OLA (1956W)
NET (1960W)
PBA (1960S)
NLD (1964S)
HOL (1968–1988)
NEP File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal Nepal Olympic Committee[137]
NGR 23x15px Nigeria Nigeria Olympic Committee[138] NGA (1964)
NIG 23x15px Niger Comité Olympique et Sportif National du Niger[139] NGR (1964)
NOR 23x15px Norway Norges idrettsforbund og olympiske og paralympiske komité (Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports)[140]
NRU 23x15px Nauru Nauru Olympic Committee[141]
NZL 23x15px New Zealand New Zealand Olympic Committee[142] ANZ (1908, 1912)
NZE (1960, 1968W)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
OMA 23x15px Oman Oman Olympic Committee[143]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
PAK 23x15px Pakistan Pakistan Olympic Association[144]
PAN 23x15px Panama Comité Olímpico de Panamá[145]
PAR 23x15px Paraguay Comité Olímpico Paraguayo[146]
PER 23x15px Peru Comité Olímpico Peruano[147]
PHI 23x15px Philippines Philippines Olympic Committee[148] FIL (1960, 1968)
PLE Template:Country data Palestine Palestine Olympic Committee[149]
PLW 23x15px Palau Palau National Olympic Committee[150]
PNG 23x15px Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Sports Federation and Olympic Committee[151] NGY (1976–1980)
NGU (1984–1988)
POL 23x15px Poland Polish Olympic Committee[152]
POR 23x15px Portugal Comité Olímpico de Portugal[153]
PRK 23x15px North Korea Olympic Committee of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea[154] NKO (1964S, 1968W)
CDN (1968)
PUR 23x15px Puerto Rico Comité Olímpico de Puerto Rico[155] PRI (1960)
PRO (1968)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
QAT 23x15px Qatar Qatar Olympic Committee[156]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
ROU 23x15px Romania Romanian Olympic and Sports Committee[157] ROM (1956–1960, 1972–2006)
RUM (1964–1968)
RSA 23x15px South Africa South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee[158] SAF (1960–1972)
RUS 23x15px Russia Russia Olympic Committee[159]
RWA 23x15px Rwanda Comité National Olympique et Sportif du Rwanda[160]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
SAM 23x15px Samoa Samoa Association of Sport and National Olympic Committee[161]
SEN 23x15px Senegal Comité National Olympique et Sportif Sénégalais[162] SGL (1964)
SEY 23x15px Seychelles Seychelles Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association[163]
SGP 23x15px Singapore Singapore National Olympic Council[164] SIN (1959-2016)
SKN 23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis Olympic Committee[165]
SLE 23x15px Sierra Leone National Olympic Committee of Sierra Leone[166] SLA (1968)
SLO 23x15px Slovenia Olympic Committee of Slovenia Association of Sports Federations[167]
SMR 23x15px San Marino Comitato Olimpico Nazionale Sammarinese[168] SMA (1960–1964)
SOL 23x15px Solomon Islands National Olympic Committee of Solomon Islands[169]
SOM 23x15px Somalia Somali Olympic Committee[170]
SRB 23x15px Serbia Olympic Committee of Serbia[171]
SRI 23x15px Sri Lanka National Olympic Committee of Sri Lanka[172] CEY (1960–1972)
STP 23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe Comité Olímpico de São Tomé e Príncipe[173]
SUD 23x15px Sudan Sudan Olympic Cmmittee[174]
SUI 23x16px  Switzerland Swiss Olympic Association[175] SVI (1956W, 1960S)
SWI (1960W, 1964S)
SUR 23x15px Suriname Surinaams Olympisch Comité Surinaams[176]
SVK 23x15px Slovakia Slovak Olympic Committee[177]
SWE 23x15px Sweden Swedish Olympic Committee[178] SVE (1956W, 1960S)
SUE (1968S)
SWZ 23x15px Swaziland Swaziland Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association[179]
SYR 23x15px Syria Syrian Olympic Committee[180] RAU (1960)
SIR (1968)


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
TAN 23x15px Tanzania Tanzania Olympic Committee Tanzania Olympic Committee [181]
TGA 23x15px Tonga Tonga Sports Association and National Olympic Committee[182] TON (1984)
THA 23x15px Thailand National Olympic Committee of Thailand [183] TAI (1960, 1968)
TJK 23x15px Tajikistan National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Tajikistan[184]
TKM 23x15px Turkmenistan National Olympic Committee of Turkmenistan[185]
TLS 23x15px Timor-Leste Comitê Olímpico Nacional de Timor-Leste[186]
TOG 23x15px Togo Comité National Olympique Togolais[187]
TPE 23x15px Republic of China[188] Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee[189] RCF (1960)
TWN (1964–1968)
ROC (1972–1976)
TTO 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Olympic Committee[190] TRT (1964–1968)
TUN 23x15px Tunisia Comité National Olympique Tunisien[191]
TUR 23x15px Turkey National Olympic Committee of Turkey[192]
TUV 23x15px Tuvalu Tuvalu Association of Sports and National Olympic Committee[193]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
UAE 23x15px United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates National Olympic Committee[194]
UGA 23x15px Uganda Uganda Olympic Committee[195]
UKR 23x15px Ukraine National Olympic Committee of Ukraine [196]
URU 23x15px Uruguay Comité Olímpico Uruguayo[197] URG (1968)
USA 23x15px United States United States Olympic Committee [198] SUA (1960S)
EUA (1968S)
UZB 23x15px Uzbekistan National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan[199]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
VAN 23x15px Vanuatu Vanuatu Association of Sports and National Olympic Committee[200]
VEN 23x15px Venezuela Comité Olímpico Venezolano Comité[201]
VIE 23x15px Vietnam Vietnam Olympic Committee[202] VET (1964)
VNM (1968–1976)
VIN 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St Vincent and the Grenadines National Olympic Committee[203]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
YEM 23x15px Yemen Yemen Olympic Committee[204]


Code Country National Organizing Committee (NOC) Other codes used
ZAM 23x15px Zambia National Olympic Committee of Zambi[205] NRH (1964)
ZIM 23x15px Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Olympic Committee[206] RHO (1960–1972)

Historic NOCs and teams

Some of the National Olympic Committees no longer exist, such as Czechoslovakia, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, the USSR, the United Arab Republic, and the West Indies Federation.[207]

Codes still in use

Twelve historical NOCs or teams have codes that are still used in the IOC results database[208] to refer to past medal winners from these teams.

Code Nation/Team Other codes used
ANZ 23x15px Australasia
BOH 23x15px Bohemia
BWI 23x15px West Indies Federation ANT (1960, 1968), WID (1964)
EUA Unified Team of Germany GER (1956–1964)
EUN Unified Team
FRG 23x15px West Germany ALL (1968W), ALE (1968S), GER (1972–1976)
GDR 23x15px East Germany ADE (1968)
SCG 23x15px Serbia and Montenegro YUG (1996S–2002W)
TCH 23x15px Czechoslovakia CSL (1956W), CZE (1960W), CSV (1960S), CZS (1964S), CHE (1968S)
URS 23x15px Soviet Union SOV (1968W)
YUG 23x15px Yugoslavia JUG (1956–1960, 1968W), YUS (1964S)
ZZX Mixed teams

Obsolete codes

Code Nation (NOC) Years Notes
BIR 23x15px Burma 1948–1988 Now Myanmar (MYA)
CEY 23x15px Ceylon 1948–1972 Now Sri Lanka (SRI)
DAH 23x15px Dahomey 1964–1976 Now Benin (BEN)
HBR 23x15px British Honduras 1968–1972 Now Belize (BIZ)
KHM Cambodiaborder|1970|class=noviewer|baseline|Flagge Cambodia Khmer Republic 1972–1976 Now Cambodia (CAM)
MAL 23x15px Malaya 1956–1960 Competed independently prior to the formation of Malaysia in 1963.
Now Malaysia (MAS)
NBO 23x15px North Borneo 1956
NRH 23x15px Northern Rhodesia 1964 Now Zambia (ZAM)
RAU 23x15px United Arab Republic 1960 Now Egypt (EGY)
and Syria (SYR)
RHO 23x15px Rhodesia 1960–1972 Now Zimbabwe (ZIM)
ROC 23x15px Republic of China 1932–1976 Now Chinese Taipei (TPE)
UAR 23x15px United Arab Republic 1964 Now Egypt (EGY)
VOL 23x15px Upper Volta 1972–1984 Now Burkina Faso (BUR)
YAR 23x15px North Yemen 1984–1988 Competed independently prior to 1990.
Now Yemen (YEM)
YMD 23x15px South Yemen 1988
ZAI 23x15px Zaire 1972–1996 Now DR Congo (COD)
GUI 23x15px British Guiana 1948–1964 Now Guyana (GUY)
23x15px Gold Coast 1952 Now Ghana (GHA)
SAA 23x15px Saar 1952 Competed independently prior to rejoining West Germany in 1957.

Related pages


  1. Mallon, Bill and Ove Karlsson. "IOC and OCOG Abbreviations for NOCs," Journal of Olympic History (US), Vol. 12, No. 2, May 2004, pp. 25-28; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  2. Mallon, p. 26.
  3., Afghanistan; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  4., Albania; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  5., Algria; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  6., Andorra; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  7., Angola; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  8., Antigua and Barbuda; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  9., Argentina; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  10., Armenia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  11., Aruba; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  12., American Samoa; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  13., Australia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  14., Austria; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  15., Azerbaijan; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  16., Bahamas; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  17., Bangladesh; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  18., Barbados; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  19., Burundi; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  20., Belgium; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  21., Benin; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  22., Bermuda; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  23., Bhutan; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  24., Bosnia and Herzegovina; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  25., Belize; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  26., Belarus; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  27., Bolivia; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  28., Botswana; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  29., Brazil; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  30., Brunei Darussalam; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  31., Bulgaria; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  32., Burkina Faso; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  33., Central African Republic; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  34., Cambodia; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  35., Canada; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  36., Cayman Islands; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  37., Republic of Congo; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  38., Chad; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  39., Chile; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  40., People's Republic of China; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  41., Côte d'Ivoire; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  42., Cameroon; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  43., Congo; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  44., Cook Islands; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  45., Colombia; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  46., Comoros; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  47., Cape Verde; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  48., Costa Rica; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  49., Croatia; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  50., Cuba; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  51., Cyprus; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  52., Czech Republic; retrieved 2012-8-13.
  53., Denmark; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  54., Djibouti; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  55., Dominica; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  56., Dominican Republic; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  57., Ecuador; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  58., Egypt; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  59., Eritrea; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  60., El Salvador; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  61., Spain; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  62., Estonia; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  63., Ethiopia; retrieved 2012-8-11.
  64., Fiji; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  65., Finland; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  66., France; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  67., Micronesia; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  68., Gabon; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  69., Gambia; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  70., Great Britain; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  71., Guinea-Bissau; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  72., Georgia; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  73., Equatorial Guinea; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  74., Germany; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  75., Ghana; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  76., Greece; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  77., Grenada; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  78., Guatemala; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  79., Guinea; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  80., Guam; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  81., Guyana; retrieved 2012-8-9.
  82., Haiti; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  83., Hong Kong; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  84., Honduras; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  85., Hungary; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  86., Indonesia; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  87., India; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  88., Iran; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  89., Ireland; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  90., Iraq; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  91., Iceland; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  92., Israel; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  93., United States Virgin Islands; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  94., Italy; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  95., British Virgin Islands; retrieved 2012-8-8.
  96., Jamaica; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  97., Jordan; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  98., Japan; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  99., Kazakhstan; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  100., Kenya; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  101., Kyrgyzstan; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  102., Kiribati; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  103., South Korea; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  104., Saudi Arabia; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  105., Kuwait; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  106., Laos; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  107., Latvia; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  108., Libya; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  109., Liberia; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  110., Saint Lucia; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  111., Lesotho; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  112., Lebanon; retrieved 2017-12-12.
  113., Liechtenstein; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  114., Lithuania; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  115., Luxembourg; retrieved 2012-8-15.
  116., Madagascar; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  117., Morocco; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  118., Malaysia; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  119., Malawi; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  120., Moldova; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  121., Maldives; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  122., Mexico; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  123., Mongolia; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  124., Marshall Islands; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  125., Macedonia; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  126., Mali; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  127., Malta; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  128., Montenegro; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  129., Monaco; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  130., Mozambique; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  131., Mauritius; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  132., Mauritania; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  133., Myanmar; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  134., Namibia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  135., Nicaragua; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  136., Netherlands; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  137., Nepal; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  138., Nigeria; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  139., Niger; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  140., Norway; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  141., Nauru; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  142., New Zealand; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  143., Oman; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  144., Pakistan; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  145., Panama; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  146., Paraguay; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  147., Peru; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  148., Philippines; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  149., Palestine; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  150., Palau; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  151., Papua New Guinea; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  152., Poland; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  153., Portugal; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  154., North Korea; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  155., Puerto Rico; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  156., Qatar; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  157., Romania; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  158., South Africa; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  159., Russia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  160., Rwanda; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  161., Samoa; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  162., Senegal; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  163., Seychelles; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  164., Singapore; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  165., Saint Kitts and Nevis; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  166., Sierra Leone; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  167., Slovenia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  168., San Marino; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  169., Solomon Islands; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  170., Somalia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  171., Serbia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  172., Sri Lanka; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  173., São Tomé and Príncipe; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  174., Sudan; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  175., Switzerland; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  176., Suriname; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  177., Slovakia; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  178., Sweden; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  179., Swaziland; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  180., Syria; retrieved 2012-8-5.
  181., Tanzania; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  182., Tonga; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  183., Thailand; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  184., Tadjikistan; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  185., Turkmenistan; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  186., Timor-Leste; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  187., Togo; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  188. In Olympic context, Chinese Taipei is the official name given to the team from the Republic of China.
  189., Chinese Taipei; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  190., Trinidad and Tobago; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  191., Tunisia; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  192., Turkey; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  193., Tuvalu; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  194., United Arab Emirates; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  195., Uganda; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  196., Ukraine; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  197., Uruguay; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  198., United States; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  199., Uzbekistan; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  200., Vanuatu; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  201., Venezuela; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  202., Vietnam; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  203., Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  204., Yemen; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  205., Zambia; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  206., Zimbabwe; retrieved 2012-8-2.
  207. Mallon, p. 28.
  208., Olympic Medalists; retrieved 2012-8-2.

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