Lester B. Pearson


Lester B. Pearson

File:Lester Pearson 1957.jpg
Pearson in 1957
Template:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/officeTemplate:Infobox officeholder/office
Personal details
Born
Lester Bowles Pearson

Template:Birth date
Newtonbrook, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Died27 December 1972(1972-12-27) (aged 75)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Resting placeMacLaren Cemetery, Wakefield, Quebec
NationalityCanadian
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)
Children2, including Geoffrey Pearson
Education
ProfessionDiplomat, historian, soldier
AwardsNobel Prize for Peace (1957)
SignatureLester B. Pearson's signature
Military service
Nickname(s)"Mike"
Allegiance23x15px Canada
Branch/service
Years of service1915–18
Rank
Battles/warsWorld War I

Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson, PC, OM, CC, OBE (April 23, 1897 – December 27, 1972) was the 14th Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for organizing the first peacekeeping force.

As Prime Minister, Pearson's government created universal health care and the Canada Pension Plan. He also changed the flag of Canada.

Early life

Pearson was born in Newtonbrook, Ontario, the son of Edwin Arthur Pearson, a Methodist minister and Anne Sarah Bowles. He went to the University of Toronto and Oxford University. Pearson was ambassador to the United States and the United Nations. He played for the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club while on a scholarship at Oxford University.

Political career

Pearson entered politics in 1948, as Minister of External Affairs in the Liberal government of Louis St. Laurent. He became leader of the Liberal Party in 1958. He lost two elections as leader, until winning a third to become Prime Minister in 1963. His government brought in social programs and new standards for workers. Pearson signed the Canada-United States Automotive Agreement, also called the Auto Pact. He retired in 1968. The next Prime Minister was Pierre Trudeau.

Death

Pearson died from liver cancer in Ottawa, Canada, aged 75.

Other websites

Template:Sister-inline

Template:UNGA Presidents