Lebanon

Lebanese Republic

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Anthem: 
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  • All Of Us, For the Nation!
Location of Lebanon
Capital
and largest city
Beirut
Official languagesArabica
Demonym(s)Lebanese
GovernmentUnitary confessionalist
parliamentary republic[1]
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LegislatureChamber of Deputies
Establishment
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Area
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (166th)
• Water (%)
1.8
Population
• 2008 estimate
4,224,000[2] (126th)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (25th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$61.444 billion[3] (83rd)
• Per capita
$15,522[3] (57th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$39.039 billion[3] (80th)
• Per capita
$9,862[3] (63rd)
HDI (2013)Increase 0.745[4]
high · 72nd
CurrencyLebanese pound (LBP)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright[5]
Calling code+961
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD.lb
  1. Article 11 of the Constitution of Lebanon states that "Arabic is the official language. A law determines the cases in which the French language is to be used."

Lebanon is a country in the Middle East, on the Mediterranean Sea. It has a border with Israel to the south, and Syria to the east and north. Lebanon has been independent since 1943. Its capital city is Beirut.

Lebanon has two chains of mountains. It is often called the ruby of the Middle East. It has a coastline stretching all the way up. The area of Lebanon is 10,452 square kilometres.

Over 4 million people live in Lebanon. The people mostly speak Arabic. About 54% of Lebanese people are Muslim and 40.5% are Christian.[6] There are 16 million Lebanese people living in other countries. Lebanon is a very westernized country.

The national symbol in Lebanon is the Cedar tree, because an abundance of them are found in the Lebanon Mountains.

Governorates and districts

Lebanon is divided into six governorates. These are divided into twenty-five districts.[7] The districts are also divided into several municipalities. The governorates and their districts are listed below:

File:Pano Baalbek 1.jpg
The historic site of Baalbek in Lebanon

Related pages

References

  1. "The Lebanese Constitution" (PDF). Presidency of Lebanon. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  2. (PDF) World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2009. p. 17. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Lebanon". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. "HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  5. "Driving in Lebanon". Adcidl.com. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
  6. "The World Factbook". United States government. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  7. USAID Lebanon. "USAID Lebanon—Definitions of Terms used". Retrieved 17 December 2006.