Kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan

  • Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.)
    Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy
  • Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.)
    Respublika Kazakhstan
Template:Infobox country/imagetable
Anthem: Менің Қазақстаным
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.
"My Kazakhstan"
Location of  Kazakhstan  (green)
Location of  Kazakhstan  (green)
CapitalAstana (Nur-Sultan)
Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Largest cityAlmaty
Official languages
Official scriptsKazakh Latin alphabet, Kazakh Cyrillic alphabet (until 2025)
Ethnic groups
(2016[2])
Demonym(s)Kazakhstani[a][4]
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Template:Infobox country/multirow
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Mazhilis
Formation
Template:Infobox country/multirow
Area
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (9th)
• Water (%)
1.7
Population
• 2018 estimate
Steady 18,311,700 [5] (62nd)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (236th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$535 billion[6] (42nd)
• Per capita
$28,536[6] (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$195 billion[6] (50th)
• Per capita
$10,447[6] (54th)
Gini (2015) 26.9[7]
low
HDI (2017)Increase 0.800[8]
very high · 58th
CurrencyTenge (₸) (KZT)
Time zoneUTC+5 / +6 (West / East)
Driving sideright
Calling code+7-6xx, +7-7xx
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD

Kazakhstan is a country in the middle of Eurasia. Its official name is the Republic of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is the ninth biggest country in the world, and it is also the biggest landlocked country in the world. Before the end of the Soviet Union, it was called "Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic". The president of the country from 1991 through March 2019 was Nursultan Nazarbayev. Nursultan is the capital city of Kazakhstan. Almaty was the capital until 1998, when it moved to Nursultan.

The Kazakh language is the native language, but Russian has equal official status for all administrative and institutional purposes.[9] Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practiced by 26%;[10] Russia leases (rents) the land for the Baikonur Cosmodrome (site of Russian spacecraft launches) from Kazakhstan.

Geography

Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country mostly in Asia with a small western part across the Ural River in Europe. It has borders with the Russian Federation in the north and west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the southwest, and China in the far east. The northern border is mostly with Siberia, Russia, so Russia has the longest border with Kazakhstan.[11] Basically, Kazakhstan runs from the Caspian Sea in the west to the mainly Muslim Chinese autonomous region of Xinjiang.

Kazakhstan has no ocean shoreline, but borders the Caspian Sea, which boats use to get to neighboring countries. The Caspian Sea is an Endorheic basin without connections to any ocean.

Natural resources

Kazakhstan has plenty of petroleum, natural gas, and mining. It attracted over $40 billion in foreign investment since 1993 and accounts for some 57% of the nation's industrial output. According to some estimates,[12] Kazakhstan has the second largest uranium, chromium, lead, and zinc reserves, the third largest manganese reserves, the fifth largest copper reserves, and ranks in the top ten for coal, iron, and gold. It is also an exporter of diamonds. Kazakhstan has the 11th largest proven reserves of both petroleum and natural gas.[13]

Provinces

Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces. The provinces are divided into districts.

Almaty and Astana cities have the status of State importance and are not in any province.[14] Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur cosmodrome until 2050.[14]

Each province is headed by an Akim (provincial governor) appointed by the president. Municipal Akims are appointed by province Akims. The Government of Kazakhstan moved its capital from Almaty to Astana on December 10, 1997.

Province Status Full Kazakh name Full Russian name standard time Population
Akmola province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 735 232
Aktobe province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+05 805 117
Almaty city(1) Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 1 494 590
Almaty Province province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 1 977 324
Astana city(1) Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 804 474
Atyrau province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+05 564 936
Baikonur city(2) Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 38 970
East Kazakhstan province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 1 394 382
Karagandy province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 1 367 512
Kostanay province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 880 775
Kyzylorda province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 737 122
Mangystau province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+05 582 361
North Kazakhstan province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 576 748
Pavlodar province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 752 057
South Kazakhstan province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 2 721 676
West Kazakhstan province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+05 622 333
Zhambyl province Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. UTC+06 1 081 907

Population

The population of Kazakhstan is 17,165,000. It takes the 62th place in the List of countries by population. Average density is one of the lowest on earth with almost 6 people/km2 ( List of countries by population density).

Related pages

References

  1. "Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan". zan.kz.
  2. "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2016 года". Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  3. Template:Cite book
  4. Kazakhstan Template:Webarchive. CIA World Factbook.
  5. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  7. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  8. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  9. The constitution of Kazakhstan, CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN: 1. The state language of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be the Kazakh language. 2. In state institutions and local self-administrative bodies the Russian language shall be officially used on equal grounds along with the Kazakh language.
  10. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  11. Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".
  12. Mineral Wealth. homestead.com
  13. International Crisis Group, 2007. Central Asia's Energy Risks, Asia Report No. 133 Archive copy at the Internet Archive.
Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

Notes

  1. Kazakhstani includes all citizens, in contrast to Kazakh, which is the demonym for ethnic Kazakhs.[3]
Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

Other websites

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".

Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24". Lua error: Internal error: The interpreter has terminated with signal "24".