James K. Polk
James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was the eleventh President of the United States. His term was from March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1849. He died 103 days after leaving office and has the shortest retirement of any president.
Polk was sworn in on March 4, 1845. He is the first president elected under the age of 50.
Polk is respected by historians because he made four promises during his presidential campaign and accomplished all of them.
He signed legislation which made the Smithsonian Institution.
He promised to lower tariffs (taxes on foreign trades) and he did that.
He promised to make the U.S. government its own bank so it did not have to put its money in other banks. He did that.
During his presidency, the U.S. gained a lot of land.
He is the only President to have been Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.
He promised to serve only a single term. He did not run for re-election as President and did not serve a second term.
On January 1, 1824, Sarah Childress Polk, aged 20, married James Polk, aged 28, at the plantation home of the bride's parents near Murfreesboro. They had no children, but raised a nephew as if it were their own child.
- James Polk the 11th President of US at Maps of World.com