Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir

जम्मू और कश्मीर
Jammū̃ o Kaśmīr
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
Map of Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Jammu and Kashmir
Established27 October 1947
Largest cityTemplate:Comma separated entries
 • TypeGovernor
 • BodyLegislative Assembly
 • GovernorNarinder Nath Vohra
 • Chief MinisterMehbooba Mufti
 • TotalTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
 (2011; est.)
 • Total12,548,926
 • DensityTemplate:Infobox settlement/metric
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-JK
Official Language(s)Urdu[1]
Other spokenKashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Ladakhi[1]

Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India.The state covers 39,179 square miles (101,473.1 km2) and is mostly in the Himalayan mountains. In terms of land area it is bigger than the Kingdom of Bhutan but smaller than Switzerland. Jammu and Kashmir used be a British protectorate in 1860. Jammu and Kashmir borders the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in Republic of India to the south and with the People's Republic of China to the north and east and the territories of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in Islamic Republic of Pakistan, to the west and northwest respectively.

There is an ongoing dispute and conflict over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir between China, India and Pakistan.


File:Kashmir map.svg
Indian-controlled part is shown in blue; Pakistan-controlled part is shown in green; China controlled part is Yellow.

Jammu and Kashmir has a Muslim majority population. Though Islam is practiced by about 67% of the population of the state and by 97% of the population of the Kashmir valley,[2] the state has large communities of Buddhists, Hindus (inclusive of Meghwal and Sikhs).[3]

Religion in the Indian part of Kashmir
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians and Jains.

Jammu and Kashmir consists of three divisions: Jammu region, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu its winter capital. The Kashmir valley, often called paradise on Earth,[4] is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape. Jammu's numerous holy shrines attracts tens of thousands of Hindu and Muslim pilgrims every year. Ladakh, also known as "Little Tibet", is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture.


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 49. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  2. Calculated from the 2001 Census India District Profiles
  3. 2001 Census India: Data by Religious Communities
  4. Paradise on Earth - October 4, 2007 - The New York Sun

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