Immigration means people moving from their native regions into another country to live. People who immigrate are called immigrants. Some are illegal immigrants. Some immigrants are refugees and some ask for political asylum.

Immigrant and emigrant both describe human migration. The same people are emigrants when they leave their own country or region, and immigrants when they arrive somewhere else.

The phrases "many people emigrated from Europe in the 19th century AD to America" and "many people immigrated to America from Europe in the 19th century" have the same meaning.

File:Net Migration Rate.svg
Immigration around the world. Countries in blue have more immigrants than emigrants; countries in green have about the same; and countries in orange have more emigrants than immigrants.

Reasons for immigration

As with other changes, people go to another place for several reasons:

  • Pull: people immigrate seeking a better life. For example, in the new country, work is easier to find, quality of life is better, etc.
  • Push: people leave a place where life has become bad. For example, there may be no work, a war, violence, high criminality rates or other problems.
  • Personal reasons: people go to join their family, or marrying and live with your partners.

Difficulty of immigration

Immigration has always been difficult. When people immigrate, they leave behind their friends, families, and culture. They also have to sell what they have, like a house, farm, or anything else too big to bring.

Travelling can also be very expensive. Many immigrants have to use all their money to pay fees or plane tickets.

Once immigrants arrive in the new countries, they can face many difficulties. They may have to get a job, find a house, and learn a new language. Immigrants can also be victims of racism.

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