Idaho

State of Idaho
Flag of Idaho State seal of Idaho
Flag Seal
Nickname(s):
Gem State
Motto(s): Esto perpetua (Latin for Let it be perpetual)
State song(s): "Here We Have Idaho"
Official languageEnglish[1]
DemonymIdahoan
Capital
(and largest city)
Boise
Largest metroBoise metropolitan area
AreaRanked 14th
 • Total83,797 sq mi
(216,900 km2)
 • Width305 miles (491 km)
 • Length479 miles (771 km)
 • % water0.98
 • Latitude42° N to 49° N
 • Longitude111°03′ W to 117°15′ W
PopulationRanked 39th
 • Total1,716,943 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density20.1/sq mi  (7.76/km2)
Ranked 44th
 • Median household income$51,624[3] (36th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointBorah Peak[4][5][6]
12,662 ft (3,859 m)
 • Mean5,000 ft  (1,520 m)
 • Lowest pointConfluence of Snake and Clearwater River; Lewiston[5][6]
713 ft (217 m)
Before statehoodOregon Territory, Washington Territory, Idaho Territory
Admission to UnionJuly 3, 1890 (43rd)
GovernorBrad Little (R)
Lieutenant GovernorJanice McGeachin (R)
LegislatureIdaho Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsMike Crapo (R)
Jim Risch (R)
U.S. House delegation1. Russ Fulcher (R)
2. Mike Simpson (R) (list)
Time zones 
 • Idaho PanhandlePacific: UTC −8/−7
 • primaryMountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166US-ID
AbbreviationsID
Websitewww.idaho.gov

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Idaho is a state in the United States. Its capital and biggest city is Boise.

Idaho became a state in 1890. Its current Governor is Brad Little. It is the 11th largest state in land area, and the 14th largest in total area (land and water). The population of Idaho is estimated at 1,523,816 by the United States Census Bureau in 2008.

Idaho is bordered by Washington and Oregon on the west, Montana and Wyoming on the east, Utah and Nevada on the south and the country of Canada (British Columbia) on the north side. The climate in Idaho can sometimes be hot, reaching up to 100 °F. Humidity is normally low with cooler evenings in summer months. In winter, temperatures normally drop to lower twenty's, upper teens. Sometimes, the temperature drops to several degrees below zero.

Idaho's state motto is Esto perpetua. This is Latin for "Let it be forever".

Important cities and towns

Population > 100,000 (city area)

Population > 50,000 (city area)

Population > 30,000 (city area)

Population > 10,000 (city area)

Smaller Towns and Cities

Related pages

References

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  4. "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=PZ0770. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
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  6. 6.0 6.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
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