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Template:Infobox country/imagetable
Anthem: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found. (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Language/data/iana scripts' not found.)[1]
Location of  Hungary  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Hungary  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
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Official language
and national language
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
Template:Infobox country/multirow
LegislatureOrszággyűlés (National Assembly)
Template:Infobox country/multirow
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (108th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
9,797,561[6] (92nd)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (103rd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$283.592 billion[7] (57th)
• Per capita
$28,909[7] (45th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$132.034 billion[7] (58th)
• Per capita
$13,459[7] (54th)
Gini (2014) 27.9[8]
low · 16th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.836[9]
very high · 43rd
CurrencyForint (HUF)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd
Driving sideright
Calling code+36
Patron saintVirgin Mary
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:Template:ISO 3166 code|Template:ISO 3166 code]]
Internet TLD.hua
  1. Also .eu as part of the European Union.

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Its capital city is Budapest. Hungary is slightly bigger than its western neighbour Austria and has about 10 million inhabitants. Other countries that border Hungary are Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. Hungary's official language is the Hungarian language. It has been a member of the European Union (EU) since 2004. In Hungarian the country is called Magyarország (literally, "Hungarian country"), or Magyar Köztársaság (Hungarian Republic). This is named after the Magyar tribes who came to Hungary in the late 9th century.


Medieval Hungary, 896-1526

The arrival of the Magyars (Hungarians) in the Carpathian Basin.
The Magyars established Hungary in 896, after they had arrived there from their previous, Eastern European territories. Prince Árpád was their leader at the time; he also established the first royal house of the country, the Árpád-house. In 1000, after the first king, Saint Stephen had been crowned, the country became a Kingdom.

In 1241, the Tatars (Mongols) invaded the country, causing many deaths and damages. In 1301, the Árpád-house died out. Later on, kings from various houses ruled over Hungary. The greatest of them is Matthias Corvinus, famous for protecting the country against the Ottoman aggression. However, some decades after he had died (1490), the Ottomans defeated the country in the Battle of Mohács (1526). The Kingdom was cut up to three parts: the western and northern areas remained Hungary, the southern region fell under Ottoman rule, and the eastern parts became semi-independent as the Principality of Transylvania.

Between 1526-1867

The Kingdom of Hungary became a Habsburg dependency, because an agreement made in Vienna in 1515 said that the Habsburg family would take over the territory of the Jagellion family in Bohemia and Hungary if the line of kings should die out. In 1686, the Ottomans were forced to leave, and the country was reunified. Many nationalities were living in the country at this time. Along with Hungarians, there were also the ancestors of modern Slovaks, Serbs, and Romanians.

In 1703, Francis II Rákóczi, a Hungarian nobleman organized a revolution against the Habsburgs, as Hungarians were not satisfied with them. However, his revolution failed in 1711, and he had to go to exile. The next most important event is the "Hungarian Revolution of 1848", when the inhabitants of the country mutinied again. Fighting ended in 1849, with Habsburg success. The leaders of the revolution were executed.

Austria-Hungary, 1867-1918

The country tried to find the way towards consolidation: in 1867, the two most important Habsburg territory, Austria and Hungary signed a treaty, and they established the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The new situation was feasible for both sides: the agreement brought massive economic growth.

Between the World Wars, 1918-1946

In 1918 after the defeat in World War I, the Kingdom was abolished, and a republic was established, as people had enough of war. This republic was short-lived, and soon the Communists seized power (1919). Their rule was irresponsible and many people, including the peasants and the intelligentsia, were tortured. The communists had to abandon the country as Romanian troops invaded.

In late 1919, the Hungarian forces, led by Admiral Miklós Horthy, finally occupied the capital, Budapest. In response to the communist terror, they launched the "White Terror", in which they persecuted the communists and their supporters. The kingdom was re-established but there was no king. Horthy was elected as the regent of the country, as the assembly decided not to recall the Habsburgs.

Hungary lost the war. According to the Treaty of Trianon (1920), Hungary lost two thirds of its territory. On the majority of these territories, non-Hungarians were the majority; however, many Hungarians also found themselves outside their country, in the nation state of Romanians or Slovaks. Thus, the main political goal of the governments under Horthy was to revise this treaty, and at least, to regain the Hungarian-inhabited lands.

Communist Hungary, 1946-1989

After the fall of Nazi Germany, Soviet troops occupied all of the country. So Hungary gradually became a communist satellite state of the Soviet Union. After 1948, Communist leader Mátyás Rákosi established Stalinist rule in the country. He forced collectivization and planned economy. This led to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. Hungary withdrew from the Warsaw Pact. But the Soviets sent in over 150,000 troops and 2,500 tanks.[11] Nearly a quarter of a million people left the country during the brief time that the borders were open in 1956. János Kádár became leader of the communist party. In 1991 Soviet military presence in Hungary ended and the transition to a market economy began.

Republic of Hungary, 1989 onwards

Today, Hungary is a democratic republic. Elections are held every four years.

The current president of the country is János Áder, and the prime minister is Viktor Orbán. Orbán was Prime Minister from 1998 to 2002, and was elected again in 2010.[12]


Hungarians make up the largest part of the population but there are also several other ethnic communities. The largest of these are Romas and Germans. Hungarian is the most widely used language in Hungary but of course ethnic communities often use their own languages as well. The majority of Hungarians are religious, mainly Roman Catholic and Calvinist (in Hungarian 'református' - 'Reformed').


The Kékestető

Hungary's highest point is Kékestető (1014 m; in the northeastern part of Hungary). The River Danube, one of Europe's largest rivers divides Hungary into a western and an eastern part. The region west of the Danube is called Transdanubia (Dunántúl). Transdanubia has a hilly landscape and many small villages and towns. The large flat area in the eastern part is the Great Plains (Alföld). Along the Slovakian border there are mountains.

Lake Balaton, Central Europe's largest lake can be found in Hungary. This small country has several thermal spas too. Lake Hévíz is one of the world's largest thermal lakes. Hungary, however is a landlocked country (it has no seacoast).

Its biggest cities are Budapest, Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeged, Pécs, Győr, Nyíregyháza and Szolnok. Szolnok is found at the juncture of the Tisza River and the Zagyva River (stream).

Related pages


  1. "The Story Behind the Hungarian National Anthem". Jules S. Vállay. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  2. "The Fundamental Law of Hungary" (PDF). Hungarian State. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  3. "2011 Hungary Census Report" (PDF).
  4. Template:Cite book
  5. "Hungary". CIA The World Factbook. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  6. "Population by type of settlement – annually". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 24 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Hungary". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  8. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  9. "Human Development Report 2015" (PDF). United Nations. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  10. Template:Cite book
  11. Findley, Carter V., and John Rothney. Twentieth Century World. sixth ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006. 278.
  12. Bos, Stefan (29 May 2010). "Oban Become PM for Recession Hit Hungary". VOA Voice of America. Retrieved 2010-05-30.

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