Henry Kissinger

Henry Kissinger
File:Henry A Kissinger.jpg
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Personal details
Born
Heinz Alfred Kissinger

(1923-05-27) May 27, 1923 (age 96)
Fürth, Bavaria, Germany[1]
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Ann Fleischer (1949–1964)
Nancy Maginnes (1974–present)
Alma materCity University of New York, City College
Harvard University
SignatureHenry Kissinger's signature
Military service
Allegiance23x15px United States
Branch/serviceUnited States Army seal United States Army
RankSergeant
Unit970th Counter Intelligence Corps

Henry Alfred Wolfgang Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Wolfgang Kissinger on May 27, 1923), pronounced /ˈkɪsɪndʒər/,[2] is an American political scientist, diplomat, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.[3] He served as both National Security Advisor and later as Secretary of State in the Nixon Administration and the Ford Administration.[3]

Early life

Kissinger was born in Germany in 1923. As a German Jew, it was not safe for him to stay in Germany after Adolf Hitler came to power, and he left for the United States in 1933. He fought for the US against the Nazis in World War Two.

Nixon administration

Kissinger was Richard Nixon's most trusted advisor on foreign affairs. He was in government during the Cold War and promoted what he called "realpolitik" in dealing with the Soviet Union and Communist China. He was a major force behind the 1973 ceasefire in the Vietnam War. He won a Nobel Peace Prize for the ceasefire, but the agreement fell apart in 1975. Under Kissinger, the US opened up relations to China, which is considered one of his biggest successes. He also supported détente, an easing of the rivalry with the Soviets.

Later years

In his later years, Kissinger — along with William Perry, Sam Nunn, and George Shultz — called upon governments to reduce nuclear weapons, and in three Wall Street Journal articles proposed a program of urgent steps to that end. The four have created the Nuclear Security Project to advance this cause.[4]

Legacy

His legacy is often debated by historians. Some people criticize him, even calling him a criminal, for his tactics during the cold war, notably supporting a military junta in Chile and backing Pakistan during the Bangladesh War. Many people, however, consider Kissinger a great figure in modern American history who ended the Vietnam War, opened up China, and supported peace in the Cold War.

References

  1. Isaacson, pp 20.
  2. "Definition of KISSINGER". www.merriam-webster.com.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Ex-US Secretary of State Kissinger hospitalized". Retrieved 2010-03-13.
  4. Maclin, Beth (2008-10-20) "A Nuclear weapon-free world is possible, Nunn says", Belfer Center, Harvard University. Retrieved on 2008-10-21.

Other websites

Template:Time Persons of the Year 1951–1975